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    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://ir.lib.ncu.edu.tw/handle/987654321/5950

    Title: 以質譜技術探討非共價鍵結蛋白質聚合物之結構;Study of Noncovalent Protein Assembly by Mass Spectrometry
    Authors: 黃興鴻;Xing-Hong Huang
    Contributors: 化學研究所
    Keywords: 非共價鍵結聚合物;質譜技術;noncovalent complex;ESI-MS;ESI
    Date: 2003-07-01
    Issue Date: 2009-09-22 10:10:56 (UTC+8)
    Publisher: 國立中央大學圖書館
    Abstract: 摘 要 在這實驗當中,我們希望藉由電噴灑游離質譜法,來研究非共價鍵結聚集的蛋白質四級結構。在實驗當中,我們分析了兩種蛋白質以非共價鍵結聚集的四級結構,其中包含了單體分子量約為38 kDa的唾液酸合成酶以及單體分子量約為10.3 kDa的牛痘病毒鞘膜蛋白質。我們藉由改變質譜中的加速電壓以及壓力,來找出最適當的分析條件,在我們的結果當中證明這些儀器條件決定了蛋白質的四級結構是不是能維持到最後,而被我們所觀察到。當溶液的pH值被改變時,我們可以從質譜圖上,觀察到蛋白質四級結構的改變,這除了有助於判斷質譜中所觀察到的結構是否和溶液中一致,更能夠提供蛋白質在具活性條件下的四級結構資訊。另一方面,非共價鍵結聚合物的解離路徑可以藉由質譜中特有的碰撞誘導解離技術來加以推論。我們更可藉由碰撞誘導解離曲線,來推算非共價鍵結聚合物在無外力施加狀況下解離所需要的 Gibbs free energy。   實驗當中的唾液酸合成酶來自兩個不同的菌種,包括大腸桿菌(EcNeuB)以及鏈球菌(SaNeuB),在pH值7.5下,藉由電噴灑游離質譜法,我們觀察到四聚體的唾液酸合成酶分子量高達160 kDa。從改變溶液pH值的結果,顯示了唾液酸合成酶四聚體只存在於pH 6.5~8.5中,也說明了唾液酸合成酶的結構對溶液酸鹼值的改變相當敏感。    另外一方面,之前的實驗認為牛痘病毒鞘膜蛋白質A27L-aa,與牛痘病毒侵入細胞的機制有相當大的關聯。在我們的實驗結果證實了A27L-aa 是一個六聚體的四級結構,另外我們藉由觀察改變氨基酸後造成的結構改變,證實Leucine51在A27L-aa本身形成四級結構的作用上,扮演了最重要的角色。我們根據碰撞誘導解離實驗中,不只證實了A27L-aa 的六聚體以及突變體(L47,51,54A)的四聚體都會直接解離成單體。最後,我們根據碰撞誘導解離曲線得出,A27L-aa的六聚體Gibbs free energy 是4.89 kcal/mol而突變體的四聚體Gibbs free energy 是3.98 kcal/mol,證明突變體(L47,51,54A)的四聚體比 A27L-aa的六聚體更容易解離。   我們發現具高分子量的非共價鍵結聚合物在質譜當中,需要有更高的加速電壓以及氣體壓力來幫助樣品能夠被我們所偵測。但是,對於較小分子量的聚合物,過高的加速電壓會造成四級結構被破壞。除此之外,包括pH實驗以及碰撞誘導解離的實驗結果,都能提供蛋白質非共價鍵結聚合物的結構資訊,由此我們證實電噴灑游離質譜法確實能在分析蛋白質非共價鍵結構上提供全面性的資訊,讓我們可更加了解蛋白質結構。 Abstract In this study, we attempted to use electrospray ionization mass spectrometry (ESI-MS) to investigate the noncovalent assembly of protein quaternary structure. Two proteins with different sizes, sialic acid synthases (monomer ~ 38 kDa) from E. coli and Streptococcus agalactiae, and the vaccinia virus envelope protein A27L (monomer ~ 10.3 kDa) were studied as models for noncovalent assembly. Optimization of various critical parameters in interface was studied in detail to preserve the integrity of noncovalent assemblies. Furthermore, variations in solution pH were found to induce dramatic changes on the ESI mass spectra, which can be used as a readout for characterization of noncovalent protein assemblies. Moreover, collision-induced dissociation technique was applied to probe dissociation pathway and stability of noncovalent complexes. In addition, to characterize different degree of association, the Gibbs free energy of these oligomers was determined accordingly E. coli sialic acid synthase (EcNeuB) and Streptococcus agalactiae sialic acid synthase (SaneuB) have high sequence homology. Tetrameric form was observed in ESI-MS at as the highest order quaternary structure for both enzymes at pH 7.5. Tetrameric form only exist at physiological range (pH 6.5 ~ pH 8.5), demonstrating that quaternary structure of sialic acid synthases is pH-sensitive. The dependence of structure on solution pH also provides a high level of confidence for “structural-specific” evidence. Previous studies have revealed that recombinant vaccinia virus protein, A27L-aa, may facilitate vaccinia virus entry into host cell. The chemical shift index studies also strongly indicated that the three hydrophobic leucine residues (L47, L51, and L54) may play an important role in self-assembly of A27L-aa. In this investigation, we demonstrated that the quaternary structure of A27L-aa is a hexameric form. Besides, the dramatic change of quaternary structure of A27L-aa from hexamer to tetramer on mass spectrum by mutation of leucine 51 to alanine 51 demonstrated that leucine 51 play crucial role in contributing hydrophobic interaction of A27L-aa self-assembly. Furthermore, CID experiment showed that both tetramer and hexamers of A27L-aa and its mutants will directly dissociated to monomers without any intermediates. Gibbs free energy of hexamer and tetramer can be calculated from CID curves for hexamer and tetramer respectively. The Gibbs free energy of A27L-aa is 4.89kcal/mol and triple mutation is 3.98kcal/mol. The result demonstrate that the subunit-subunit interaction of L47,51,54A is weaker than A27L-aa. ESI-MS may have great potentials for study noncovalent protein assembly. Moreover, the more detail structural information can also be provided by using the ESI-MS.
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