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    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://ir.lib.ncu.edu.tw/handle/987654321/60020

    Title: 野蠻的吶喊:惠特曼作品中的自然、博愛及普世;The ";Barbaric Yawp";: Nature, Fraternity and Universality in Walt Whitman's Works
    Authors: 胡妙羽;Hu,Miau-yu
    Contributors: 英美語文學系
    Keywords: 惠特曼;自然;博愛;普世;野蠻的吶喊;Walt Whitman;Nature;Fraternity;Universality;Barbaric Yawp
    Date: 2013-06-28
    Issue Date: 2013-07-10 12:00:36 (UTC+8)
    Publisher: 國立中央大學
    Abstract: 惠特曼是不守常規的,然而這也是他可愛的地方。他不求押韻的詩作呈現他自由的風格。不同於其他人跟著教士及權威的腳步,他宣傳自己的信仰─熱愛身體及靈魂以及熱愛普天之下的芸芸眾生。我們愛自己,愛家人,愛朋友,而惠特曼更將愛擴及至陌生人甚至是無限漫延的時空。他的「自我之歌」實際上是首愛之頌。他不只邀請了靈魂與身體,也邀請了奴隸與主人、女人與男人一同加入大合唱。他歌頌自我也歌誦群眾;享受自我也享受群眾。每個大我中都有無數個小我。他從不拒絕而是大方接受。

    Whitman is unconventional
    however, that is also the reason why he is so adorable. His unrhymed poems show his free style. And instead of following clergymen and the authorities, he preaches his belief—loving both the body and soul as well as loving people under the sun. We love ourselves, our family, our friends, our countries and Whitman extends the love to strangers, nature, time, space and the immense. His famous “Song of Myself” is actually a song of love. He invites not only his soul and body but also slaves and masters, women and men to join the choir. He sings for the self and for the masses also. He enjoys his self, and every self is part of the whole. He denies none and he accepts all.
    In his works we see Whitman rediscover the values of people and the environments around us. To begin with, in chapter one, I will give a brief introduction to my thesis. In chapter two, I will explore Whitman’s poems about nature. Living in modern cities, we are so inundated by over-decorated life and handy information that we lose the inherent ability to explore real life. Therefore, Whitman asks us to return to nature where people can live with God and communicate with him. Chirping birds, blooming lilacs, surging tides will bring us inspiring messages. Only through immersion in nature can human beings feel the correspondence between nature and themselves. As for the way to treat fellow countrymen, the Civil War teaches Whitman great lessons, so my chapter three will deal with the impact of the Civil War. The confrontation between the North and South, blacks and whites cannot be solved by arms. He recommends the democracy to solve discords. In my fourth chapter, I will discuss universality, which includes Whitman’s pursuit of eternity and his embracive fraternity. His “Passage to India” is actually a tour to enlightenment. He sails to the Eastern wonderland where wisdom originates. At the moment he transcends space and time, he realizes an instant can be everlasting and the epic navigation will eventually return to the departure.
    My concluding chapter will point out that as Whitman sounds his “barbaric yawp over the roofs of the world,” he encourages readers to have their own thinking. After reading his Leaves of Grass readers will see his works are not barbaric at all
    they are milestones in American literature.
    Appears in Collections:[英美語文研究所 ] 博碩士論文

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