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|Title: ||清 代 臺 灣 婦 女 的 形 象 建 構;The Construction of Taiwanese women's image of Qing Dynasty|
|Keywords: ||清代臺灣;婦女;形象;來臺西洋人;來臺日人;Taiwan in Qing Dynasty;women;image;westerns coming to Taiwan;Japanese coming to Taiwan|
|Issue Date: ||2013-08-22 12:15:22 (UTC+8)|
|Abstract: ||本文的討論主要分為兩個部分，前半部第一章至第三章考察清代臺灣婦女的圖像，在地方志、庶民、西洋人及日人這四種書寫者筆下的樣貌；後半部第四章則是比較不同書寫者所描繪婦女圖像的差異，並且解釋差異產生背後所具有的政治意涵、文化差異以及歷史意義。 清代臺灣婦女因為不具有書寫的權利，因此，相關於婦女的描述皆是出自於男性的觀察以及記載，而在清代對於婦女進行描繪的書寫者，有代表中國官方立場的地方志書、流傳於庶民社會的契約文書，以及1860年以後來臺西洋人所寫的日記、《府城教會報》，與20世紀初期來臺灣進行風俗調查的日本人。他們觀察以及記錄的對象，同樣都是生活在臺灣的清代婦女，然而他們記載下的婦女卻有著明顯的差異。 本研究對各種書寫者所繪的婦女圖像，進行比較以及考察，此種婦女圖像差異的產生，與書寫者的書寫動機有關。一、方志的書寫者期望透過書寫地方志，提供給臺灣女性一個道德參考標準，並且將方志作為個人治理地方的政績。二、而西洋人對於臺灣婦女的觀察，則是出於文化差異下的觀察。三、日人於調查報告中，對於婦女的描繪，則是建立在殖民者對於殖民地勞動力需求之上。 透過本文的探討，我們將能夠清楚看出清代婦女相關史料，其背後所代表的政治立場、文化差異與歷史意涵，這將有助於我們重新思考清代臺灣婦女的真實樣貌。|
This discussion in this paper is included two parts. The first half of this paper from chapter one to chapter three is about Taiwanese women's image of Qing Dynasty which is depicted by four kinds of writers including local chronicle, common people, westerners and Japanese. The last part chapter four is comparing the difference between the Taiwanese women's image of Qing Dynasty described different writers and explaining the cause of difference from the perspective of politics, culture and history. Because Taiwanese women of Qing Dynasty do not have the right to write, all the descriptions related to women come from men’s observations and records.
Those writers includes Chinese officers who write local chronicle and contracts between common people, westerners coming to Taiwan after 1860 with their diaries and Tainan Church News ,and Japanese who comes to Taiwan for custom researches in the early twentieth century. Taiwanese women of Qing Dynasty are those writers’ object for observation
however, those women they picture are obviously different.This paper is to compare and inspect Taiwanese women's image of Qing Dynasty described by different writers. Also, the causes of the difference between Taiwanese women's image of Qing Dynasty are relatives to writers’ writing motivation. First, writers of local chronicle expect to set up moral standard for women through writing local chronicles which are also taken as personal achievement of governing the region. Second, westerners’ portray of Taiwanese women is the result of the observation of cultural difference. Third, Japanese descriptions in the reports which is about Taiwanese women are constructed on the foundation that the colonialist demand the labor of colonized people. Through the discussion in this paper, we clearly see the related data which are about women of Qing Dynasty. What’s more, the political standpoint, cultural difference and the significance of history which are revealed by those data can help us to rethink the real image of Taiwanese women of Qing Dynasty.
|Appears in Collections:||[歷史研究所] 博碩士論文|
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