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    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://ir.lib.ncu.edu.tw/handle/987654321/61355


    Title: 公車路線與接駁運具改變前後之影響 -以中央大學為例;The Impacts of Bus Route and Access Mode Changes in National Central University
    Authors: 陳建中;Chen,Chien-Chung
    Contributors: 土木工程學系
    Keywords: 前後差異;多項羅吉特;運具選擇;旅次調查;業者競爭;政策改變;pre after comparison method;Multinomial Logit Model;mode choice;travel survey;industry competition;policy change
    Date: 2013-08-16
    Issue Date: 2013-10-08 09:29:22 (UTC+8)
    Publisher: 國立中央大學
    Abstract: 大眾運輸系統之改善,除了會改變地區之交通可及性,亦可促成空間型態的轉變,運輸工具對環境影響之範圍,可以涵蓋至環保、交通安全及整個區域變化。因此,本研究將分析中央大學校園公車行駛路線改變前後之差異。另外適逢立法院發布刪除交通補助費,故亦將探討政策實施前後師生之交通工具需求變化,了解師生在不同情境下之運具選擇偏好,分析旅行時間、旅行成本等因素是否影響師生運具選擇之行為。
    本研究首先以前後比較之方式探討在校園公車路線改變前後,經濟、環保與安全三項指標之變化,亦以公車路線實際調查數據進行敘述性分析,藉由蒐集各客運之搭乘人次數與抵達時間,透過交叉比較方式進行分析與討論。其次,本研究亦採以多項羅吉特之校估結果探討影響師生選擇運具之相關因素。最後,則針對中大校車政策改變所產生之影響進行探討。
    研究結果顯示,在校園公車行駛路線改變影響方面,由經濟指標觀之,路線改變後之情況較優於路線改變前之情況,由環保與安全指標觀之,路線改變前之情況較優於路線改變後之情況,而客運業者間之競爭情況也由調查數據中獲得充分之驗證。在政策變化影響方面,教職員與學生在政策改變前皆偏好選擇中大校車,政策改變後,師生則偏好選擇私人運具與大眾客運,而在旅行成本與旅行時間考量下,師生則會較在意旅行成本的多寡。而各指標於改變前後所產生之變化與影響,則可供未來業者與學校決策部門於策略訂定上之實施參考。
    The improvement in the public transport system, may change the region's transportation accessibility, in addition to changes the spatial patterns in the scope of the environmental impact of transport, also include environment, safety and the entire region. Therefore, this study will analyze the Central University Bus’s route differences. And the Legislative Yuan to delete transportation allowance so will discuss the students and teachers’ choice to understand travel time, travel costs and other factors whether affect their behavior and mode choice in preferences.
    This study will discuss the difference in the change of campus bus route
    include economy, environmental protection and safety. Also use the bus routes’ survey data to cross-comparison for analysis and discussion. Besides, use the Multinomial Logit Model estimation results to explore the impact of students and teachers’ related factors. Finally, realize the Central University Bus’s policy changes.
    The results show that changes in school bus’s route impacts from economic, the changed situation is better than before situation, but the environmental and safety neither. And the Passenger transport industry’s competition from the survey data has been fully proven. The results show that teachers and students are preference in Central University Bus before the change in policy, when policy changes, teachers prefer to drive, students prefer to public transport. In the travel cost and travel time considerations, they would be more concerned about travel costs. These data hope to provide the implementation of the reference for industry and school.
    Appears in Collections:[土木工程研究所] 博碩士論文

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