Soong Ching-ling (宋慶齡, 1893 -1981) was a member of the Soong family, the relation of Chiang Kai-shek(蔣介石), and a member of Kuomintang (國民黨, KMT), and was often referred to as Mme. Sun Yat-sen(孫逸仙). After Sun Yat-sen died at 1925, Soong Ching-ling’s multiple identities had a great impact on the political situation in China.
Receiving Western education and being influenced by Sun Yat-sen’s principle of democracy, Soong Ching-ling paid particular attention on human rights. As a secret member of the Communist International (CI), Soong Ching-ling not only helped the CI accomplished their missions in China, but also supported the development of Chinese Communist Party (共產黨, CCP). Also, Soong Ching-ling’s political position offered her inherent authority to be the coordinator between KMT and CCP from 1937 to 1946.
Because Sun Yat-sen argued for Socialism in his later years, Soong Ching-ling took CCP’s side. From 1926 to 1949, however, Soong Ching-ling still worked to maintain the cooperation between KMT and CCP, in order to realize the ideals of Sun Yat-sen—— to make China a Socialist country. At that time, CI and CCP were the allies of Soong Ching-ling. However, Soong Ching-ling insisted on taking a neutral position and thus only supported CCP to protect human right, instead of supporting the development of CCP.
Participating actively in politics and expressing opinions based on her educational background, Soong Ching-ling, a KMT member and Mme. Sun Yat-sen, became an influential figure in China’s politics.