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    請使用永久網址來引用或連結此文件: http://ir.lib.ncu.edu.tw/handle/987654321/6255


    題名: 釹/鐠草酸甲基磷酸鹽之合成、結構鑑定與性質研究;Synthesis , Crystal Structures and Properties of Lanthanide Oxalatophosphonates : Na[Ln3(H2O)4(C2O4)4(CH3PO3)]·2H2O (Ln = Nd and Pr)
    作者: 黃雅玲;Ya-ling Huang
    貢獻者: 化學研究所
    關鍵詞: 鑭系草酸甲基磷酸;水熱合成;hydrothermal;Lanthanide Oxalatophosphonates
    日期: 2007-06-28
    上傳時間: 2009-09-22 10:16:29 (UTC+8)
    出版者: 國立中央大學圖書館
    摘要: 本論文研究利用中溫水熱法合成新穎鑭系金屬草酸甲基磷酸鹽 化合物:Na[Ln3(H2O)4(C2O4)4(CH3PO3)]·2H2O [Ln = Nd (A) and Pr (B)]。藉由一系列鑑定方法,包括以X光單晶繞射法決定出化合物 的結構與化學式,再搭配元素分析、紅外線光譜、粉末繞射、熱重 分析及超導量子干涉等方法進行結構組成分析、熱穩定性、熱分解 反應及磁性等研究。並利用螢光光譜法深入探討放光譜線與單晶結 構之間的相關性。 化合物A和B 為等結構,所有的Ln 都是九配位。當中的Ln(1)O9 和Ln(2)O9 以邊共用及面共用的方式形成四聚體,此四聚體與草酸 和甲基磷酸連接形成單元層。而Ln(3)O9 則是與草酸形成Z 字型無 限延伸鏈,此單元鏈與單元層再經由草酸連結形成三維結構。 在磁性方面,化合物A 和B 皆為反鐵磁性,A 的μeff = 3.663 μb; B 的μeff = 3.795 μb,皆與其理論值接近。在放光光譜中,化合物A 的放光波段在近紅外光區,螢光生命期為1.6 ± 0.1 μs;化合物B 的 放光波段則涵蓋了綠光及紅光區,螢光生命期為1.7 ± 0.1 μs 和2.6 ± 0.1 μs。兩者之螢光生命期皆遠低於理論值,這是由於化合物當中含 水分子所造成的消激效應(Quenching Effect)。 A neodymium oxalatophosphonate and the praseodymium analogue, Na[Ln3(H2O)4(C2O4)4(CH3PO3)]·2H2O [Ln = Nd (A) and Pr (B)], have been synthesized by hydrothermal method and characterized by single-crystal X-ray diffraction and thermogravimetric analysis. We studied the photoluminescence spectra as well as the magnetic properties of the both compounds. The structure consists of layers built of tetramers of edge- and face-sharing LnO9 polyhedra connected by oxalate and methylphosphonate units, which are linked by zigzag infinite chains of oxalate-bridged LnO9 polyhedra to form a 3-D framework. They are the first examples of lanthanide oxalate-methylphosphonate. The μeff of Nd is 3.663 μb and the μeff of Pr is 3.795 μb; both are very close to the theoretical values. The Nd compound displays characteristic emission bands in the near IR region with lifetime 1.6 ± 0.1 μs. Luminescence of the Pr compound consists of many emission bands at 480-760 nm with lifetime 1.7 ± 0.1 μs and 2.6 ± 0.1 μs, respectively. The lifetimes of both compounds are much shorter than the expected values due to the quenching effects of water molecules in the structure. Crystal data for the Nd compound follow: triclinic, P`1 (No. 2), a = 9.0682(2) Å, b = 9.5114(3) Å, c = 14.0066(4) Å, a = 74.975(2)°, b = 86.534(2)º, g = 82.725(2)°, and Z = 2. Crystal data for the Pr compound are the same as those for the Nd compound except a = 9.125(1) Å, b = 9.549(1) Å, c = 14.073(2) Å, a = 75.086(2)°, b = 86.611(2)º, and g = 82.545(2)°.
    顯示於類別:[化學研究所] 博碩士論文

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