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    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://ir.lib.ncu.edu.tw/handle/987654321/6281

    Title: 探討酵母菌glycyl-tRNA合成酵素的非傳統生物功能;Exploring the non-canonical functions of yeast glycyl-tRNA synthetase
    Authors: 何宜晏;Yiyan Ho
    Contributors: 生命科學研究所
    Keywords: 酵母菌雙雜交系統;yeast two hybrid system
    Date: 2003-01-07
    Issue Date: 2009-09-22 10:16:54 (UTC+8)
    Publisher: 國立中央大學圖書館
    Abstract: 在酵母菌中存在二個不同glycyl-tRNA合成酵素(glycyl-tRNA synthetase)的基因, 分別是GRS1 和GRS2。有趣的是GRS1基因同時解碼細胞質及粒腺體的Glycyl-tRNA合成酵素,而GRS2基因則沒有任何已知的功能。近來的研究發現,GRS1基因解碼的glycyl-tRNA合成酵素除了具有傳統胺醯化的功能外,還可能參與轉錄終止作用。我想利用酵母菌雙雜交系統(Yeast two hybrid system)來探究glycyl-tRNA 合成酵素與哪些酵母菌蛋白質有交互作用,希望進一步釐清這個參與蛋白質合成的酵素如何調控轉錄作用,或參與其他的代謝途徑。 我們用酵母菌雙雜交篩選出了三個可能與GRS1 基因產物有交互作用的蛋白質,分別為NFI1(SIZ2)、IFH1、YNL224C。其中NFI1(SIZ2)是一參與SUMO pathway的蛋白質,與蛋白質的後修飾以及蛋白質的活性調控有關;而IFH1是一與FHL1蛋白質有交互作用的蛋白質,可能參與rRNA的修飾作用(rRNA processing);YNL224C是一段胜太鏈,其功能不清楚,但其蛋白質序列中具有一段保留結構區(conserve domain),這段結構區與RNA結合蛋白相類似,推測YNL224C可能也具有RNA結合的功能。 進一步用反向酵母菌雙雜交測試(reverse two hybrid assay),發現了NFI1(SIZ2)與GRS1基因產物的確有交互作用。這些結果顯示: Glycyl-tRNA合成酵素可能參與胺醯化以外的代謝途徑,例如SUMO pathway。 Like most yeast tRNA synthetases, there are two homologous nuclear genes, GRS1 and GRS2, encoding glycyl-tRNA synthetase in the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae. However, a recent study argued that GRS1 provides both the cytoplasmic and mitochondrial GlyRS functions, while GRS2 appears to be non-functional. A remarkable feature regarding the biological role of GRS1 was recently identified by a genetic screening, which demonstrated that GlyRS-1 is involved in 3’-end formation of mRNAs. However, the detailed mechanism by which the translational enzyme participates in the process of mRNA termination is largely unknown. In this thesis, we used GRS1 as bait to screen a yeast genomic two-hybrid library, aiming at identifying proteins that interact specifically with GlyRS-1 in vivo. Our results showed that three proteins, NFI1 (SIZ2), IFH1, and YNL224C interact specifically with GlyRS in the two-hybrid screening. Further reverse two-hybrid tests confirmed that GlyRS interact with NFI1, a novel signal transductor that may be involved in SUMO pathway.
    Appears in Collections:[生命科學研究所 ] 博碩士論文

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