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    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://ir.lib.ncu.edu.tw/handle/987654321/63161

    Title: 矩陣的數值域其邊界之研究;A Study on the Boundaries of Numerical Ranges of Matrices
    Authors: 高華隆
    Contributors: 國立中央大學數學系
    Keywords: 數學
    Date: 2012-12-01
    Issue Date: 2014-03-17 14:20:28 (UTC+8)
    Publisher: 行政院國家科學委員會
    Abstract: 研究期間:10108~10207;In this project, we study the existence and number of line segments on the boundaries of numerical ranges of various matrix classes. where the aj's, called the weights of A, are complex numbers. Let A[j] denote the (n — 1)-by-(n — 1) principal submatrix of A obtained by deleting its j th row and j th column. We want to show that dW (A) has a line segment if and only if the aj's are nonzero and W(A[k]) = W(A[/]) = W(A[m]) for some k, I and m, 1 < k <1 < m < n. In this case, W(A[j]) is the circular disc centered at the origin for all 1 < j < n, and there are exactly n line segments on dW (A). This will refine and extend the result of Tsai and Wu. Moreover, we conjecture that A and B are two n-by-n (n > 3) weighted shift matrices. Assume that the weights of A are nonzero and periodic with period k. If W(A) = W(B), then the weights of B are also nonzero and periodic with period k. Recall that, for any complex polynomial p(z) = zn + aizn-1 + ••• + an_iz + a,n, there is associated an n-by-n matrix called the companion matrix of p and denoted by C(p). We had shown that an n-by-n companion matrix can have at most n line segments on the boundary of its numerical range. In this case, this companion matrix is unitarily reducible. In this project, we want to show that if A is an n x n companion matrix, then dW (A) has n — 1 line segments if and only if n is odd and a(A) = {a,au2,... ,aun~1} U {u/a, ^3/a,... ,un~2/a} for some a G C with |a| nearing 1. In this case, A is unitarily reducible. Consequently, if A is an n x n unitarily irreducible companion matrix, then dW (A) has at most n — 2 line segments.
    Relation: 財團法人國家實驗研究院科技政策研究與資訊中心
    Appears in Collections:[數學系] 研究計畫

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