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    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://ir.lib.ncu.edu.tw/handle/987654321/63424


    Title: 先秦儒、道義理的當代詮釋與反思── 以典範轉移、冥契主義與樂園思想為核心;Contemporary Interpretation and Introspection of Confucian and Taoist Doctrine in Prior Qin Dynasty—With Paradigm Shift, Mysticism and Paradise Thought being the Core
    Authors: 謝君讚;Hsien,Chun-Chan
    Contributors: 中國文學系
    Keywords: 儒家;道家;牟宗三;冥契主義;神話;樂園;Confucian;Taoist;Mou Zungsan;Mysticism;Mythology;Paradise
    Date: 2014-01-15
    Issue Date: 2014-04-02 14:51:57 (UTC+8)
    Publisher: 國立中央大學
    Abstract: 本論共分八章。首章綜述本論文的探索策略、研究方法(客觀問題意識與多元學科視野研究法)以及所欲展開討論的議題焦點。第二章以《孟子》文獻為根據,嘗試討論牟宗三先生開發轉化康德哲學意義下的《孟子》詮釋,與袁保新先生借用海德格存有學若干洞見而來的《孟子》詮釋,兩者之間的詮釋合宜性,而本章認為牟先生之康德式的《孟子》詮釋仍然居於優越之地位。第三章則以牟氏之後的學者(袁保新、劉笑敢、楊儒賓與賴錫三等學者)對牟先生所提《老子》之「道」為「純粹主觀境界型態」之說法的諸多論辯反省為核心,嘗試討論將「道」從「主觀境界說」轉往「客觀創生說」加以詮釋的合法性問題,而本章認為持「主觀境界說」來理解《老子》形上之道的說法,恐怕論證根據未必充份完備。
    第四章從當代學者楊儒賓與王欽賢兩先生對於孔子思想是否具有冥契主義成份?這一詮釋歧異展開討論,本章認為由於在《論語》文獻中,能夠找到與冥契主義最為核心的「與絕對真實一體冥合」這一特性相符的文獻,因此,應當慎重考慮「孔子思想應具有冥契主義的思想向度」這樣的判斷。第五章則以當代學者對於《莊子》之冥契主義類型所提出的「四大類型綜合說」(關永中先生)與「統合內外的圓教型自然主義冥契類型說」(賴錫三先生)為出發,一方面尋求出兩說彼此之間可交互會通的論述內容;另方面,則以《莊子》文獻為根據,更細部地探求《莊子》之冥契主義類型的合宜定位,而本章認為《莊子》之冥契主義類型應可理解為:「具工夫向度且兼融內、外向型的冥契主義類型」。
    第六章則以當代學者對於儒家樂園的研究成果為基礎,尋找尚待開拓的研究議題。本章認為儒家樂園的基本型態,可以《尚書.堯典》所呈現的堯天舜日為準,若再向前追溯〈堯典〉的堯天舜日,應當可以懷疑其中有著理性化改編創世神話的痕跡,而若向下觀其演變(以孔孟以及出土文獻所代表的儒者為主),則可以發現,儒家樂園在基本的格局之中仍有各自細微的差異,譬如《孟子》之聖君「堯舜」就已明顯渾融了自家心性論的思想內容,而在〈容成氏〉與〈子羔〉所言的聖君,則強調其裁斷事理之能力。第七章則在當代學者的研究基礎上,一方面著重於道家樂園對於神話樂園的超越突破之處;另方面,則透過將道家樂園與陶淵明式樂園的對比,來細部地劃分出兩種層次不太相同的「雞犬相聞」之樂園世界。第八章為結論,約略地總述本論文的探索成果。; This thesis has been divided into eight chapters. The first chapter is the introduction which summarizes exploration strategies, research methods and the focuses of issues to be discussed in the thesis. The second chapter attempts to discuss related issues derived from the interpretation of the doctrine of Mencius by the contemporary academic circle from the perspectives of Kant's philosophy and Heidegger's philosophy. The third chapter discusses and analyzes how the contemporary academic circle introspected and reviewed Mou Zungsan's interpretation of philosophical Taoism. From the angle of mysticism, the fourth and fifth chapters discuss the type of mysticism of Zhuangzi and whether the Analects of Confucius has the thought of mysticism respectively with Zhuangzi and the Analects of Confucius being the core. With the theme of “paradise,” the sixth and seventh chapters discuss the prototype, development and change of Confucian and Taoist paradise and compare the two. On the other hand, the two chapters discuss the similarities of and differences between Taoist paradise and arcadian paradise depicted by Tao Yuan-Ming. The eighth chapter is the conclusion that summarizes the study results of the thesis.
    Appears in Collections:[中國文學研究所] 博碩士論文

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