|Abstract: ||許慎的《說文解字》是中國第一本字典，也是第一部系統分析漢字形體結構，說解本義的字書。本論文以王國維的二重證據法為研究方法，進行《說文》禮樂器的考釋撰寫。《說文》的名物訓詁占全書篇幅一半以上，是最適合使用二重證據法的領域，但限於時間與精力，本論文將焦點鎖定在禮樂器的考釋。分為「《說文》飲食器考釋」、「《說文》玉器考釋」、「《說文》樂器考釋」及「二重證據法在《說文》禮樂器研究運用的價值」四個主要章節。以《說文解字》而言，二重證據法之運用至少即有甲骨文、殷墟卜辭、殷周金文、戰國秦漢簡帛文字、曾侯乙墓樂器、及各地出土的各種古器物可以資取。本論文前三章臚列各器物之字形表與《說文》及段注文本，然後分別從「字形說明」、「器物形制」及「文化意涵」三方面進行考釋。後面一章則從文字及訓詁兩方面著眼，分項分目展現二重證據法在《說文》禮樂器研究運用的價值。文字方面可考《說文》禮樂器字體之有據、補《說文》禮樂器文字之失收、正《說文》禮樂器形構之譌誤、辨《說文》禮樂器字形之演變；訓詁方面則可以證《說文》禮樂器訓詁之可信、訂《說文》禮樂器說解之疏失、明《說文》禮樂器形制之欠詳、闡《說文》禮樂器文化之意涵。可看出二重證據法對名物的考釋確實大有助益。; Xu Shen 's "Shuo Wen Jie Zi" is China's first dictionary, is the first systematic analysis of character shape and structure , explain written word and its meaning . In this thesis, Wang Guowei double evidence of research methods , the " Shuo Wen Jie Zi," Textual writing ritual instruments and musical instruments. "Shuo Wen Jie Zi, " the explanation of Material Noun for more than half the book , is the most suitable to use dual attestation , but limited time and energy , this paper will lock the focus on ritual instruments and musical instruments. |
Into " Shuo Wen Jie Zi of tableware Textual ", " Shuo Wen Jie Zi of jade Textual ", " Shuo Wen Jie Zi of musical instruments Textual " and " the value of dual attestation in the" Shuo Wen Jie Zi, " ritual musical instruments study "on four major section. To the " Shuo Wen Jie Zi " , the dual attestation of at least that is the Oracle Bone, inscriptions on bronze of Yin and Zhou dynasty , Warring States bamboo and silk text, Zeng Hou Yi Tomb of musical instruments, and Many of the local antiquities unearthed.
In this thesis, the first three chapters of the glyph lists all objects with "Shuo Wen Jie Zi" and Duan Yu-Cai's description. Then, separately from the "text body explained," "artifacts shape interpretation" and "cultural meaning," explains. Followed by a chapter from both text and exegesis of view, show the value of dual attestation of "Shuo Wen Jie Zi" use on ritual instruments and musical instruments. In the " Shuo Wen Jie Zi " ritual and musical instruments word, can prove that it is based on the font, make up uncollected text, correct the error shape analysis, and identify situations text evolution. In the interpretation of " Shuo Wen Jie Zi " ritual and musical instruments, and can prove that it is a credible explanation, complement revised its interpretation of omissions, deficiencies in complement its shape interpretation, to clarify its cultural implications. As can be seen dual attestation for Material Noun really great help.