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    题名: Xanthomonas campestris pv. campestris未知功能蛋白之大量表達與NMR結構分析;Expression and structure determination of proteins of unknown function in Xanthomonas campestris pv. campestris
    作者: 胡玉真;Yu-Chen Hu
    贡献者: 生命科學研究所
    关键词: 蛋白質結構;結構基因體;未知功能蛋白;核磁共振;Xanthomonas campestris pv. campestris;structural genomics;Xanthomonas campestris pv. campestris;NMR;protein structure;unknown function protein
    日期: 2004-07-09
    上传时间: 2009-09-22 10:17:56 (UTC+8)
    出版者: 國立中央大學圖書館
    摘要: 中文摘要 Xanthomonas campestris pv. campestris (Xcc)屬於格蘭氏陰性菌。為兼具學術性及應用性之菌種。XCC能分泌多種胞外蛋白,為研究格蘭氏陰性菌蛋白分泌之模式系統。其轉錄單位多以單基因方式為之,不具cAMP但以多元調控蛋白Clp (cAMP receptor protein-like protein)協助執行調控功能。XCC為一株感染十字花科造成十字花科黑腐病之植物病原菌,易生長於高溫多濕之環境,屬世界性之病害。且XCC所產生之多醣體Xanthan為重要之工業原料。Xanthomonas campestris pv. campestris str. ATCC 33913之基因體定序已由巴西團隊完成且發表;本土菌株Xanthomonas campestris pv. campestris str. 17也由台灣團隊完成定序及基因註解。 結構基因體學之目標期解出整個基因體之蛋白質結構。本研究希望以結構生物學的角度研究XCC蛋白之結構與功能。利用高磁場核磁共振儀(NMR)異核核磁共振實驗2D 15N-1H HSQC篩選Xcc str. 17菌株之18個目標蛋白質,並利用NMR方法決定兩蛋白質XC 975與XC 2382之初步蛋白質結構。XC 975由89個胺基酸組成,為未知功能蛋白,但推測其功能可能與逆境反應有關。因此其在COG蛋白質功能分類資料庫歸類為Stress-induced morphogen (COG0271)。利用收集的2D 15N-1H HSQC、3D HNCACB、3D CACB (CO)NH、HNCO、3D H(CC-CO)NH-TOCSY、3D (H)C(C-CO)NH-TOCSY等NMR光譜已完成大部分1H、15N以及13C之共振頻率判讀。利用TALOS軟體運算所得1HA, 13CA, 13CB, 13C’, 15N之化學位移與random coil的化學位移差並配合3D NOESY-15N-HSQC光譜分析得XC 975之二級結構的topology為αββααβ。XC 2382由127個胺基酸組成,此基因因常伴隨apaH表現,故基因命名為apaG,推測與apaH共同參與當細胞遇逆境時大量累積之Ap4N的代謝,但XC 2382實際的功能未知,為一未知功能蛋白。分析XC 2382與其同源蛋白所得的保守性序列中,含一與NAD及FAD結合之蛋白質特有的GXGVVGXXP保守性序列。而XC 2382在COG分類上為影響鎂離子與鈷離子運輸之蛋白質家族。XC 2382所得之2D 15N-1H HSQC光譜分散良好,由2D 15N-1H HSQC、3D HNCACB、3D CACB (CO)NH、HNCO、3D H(CC-CO)NH-TOCSY、3D (H)C(C-CO)NH-TOCSY等光譜已完成部分1H、15N以及13C之共振頻率判讀。 Abstract Xanthomonas campestris pv. campestris is a gram-negative bacterium that is phytophathogenic to crucifers such as Brassics and Arabidopsis and causes black rot. The genus Xanthomonas is a diverse and economically important group of bacterial phytopathogens. Structural genomics, which aims to determine the three-dimensional structures of all proteins on a genome wide scale. The genome of Xanthomonas campestris pv. campestris str. ATCC 33913 was sequenced by ONSA/FAPBSP/Brazil group in 2002 and that of Xanthomonas campestris pv. campestris str. 17 by an integrated structural and functional group in Taiwan in 2002 too. We try to understand, in structure terms, its pathogenicity to its host, its capability to produce xanthan gum, its protein secretion pathway, its different gene regulation behavior, and the proteins produced when it is under stress condition. Another important point about this structural genomics projects is to gain novel structural information. In this thesis we aim to identify and characterize the three-dimensional structures of several proteins in the XCC using high-resolution NMR techniques. In this respect, two XCC proteins, XC 975 and XC 2382, were selected for structural studies from screening 18 target proteins by 2D 15N-1HSQC NMR spectra. XC 975 codes for a hypothetical protein with a molecular mass of 9.7 kDa. A BLASTp search with this sequence revealed that most of the homologous sequences are annoted as hypothetical proteins. In COG database, XC 975 belongs to the family COG0271 named stress-induced morphogen. We have assigned nearly complete resonance of the 1H, 15N, 13C nuclei using 2D 15N -1H HSQC and triple resonance experiments including 3D HNCACB、3D CACB (CO)NH、HNCO、3D H(CC-CO)NH-TOCSY、3D(H)C(C-CO)NH-TOCSY etc. The XC 975 secondary structure topologyα β β α α β as calculated by the CSI program TALOS program using 1HA, 13CA, 13CB, 13C’ and 15N secondary chemical shifts and the complementary 3D NOESY-15N-HSQC spectrum data. XC 2382, with a molecular mass of 14.21 kDa, is named apaG because the gene is located in a multifunctional ksgA-apaG-apaH operon. The apaG expression is also tightly linked to apaH, suggesting that both gene products might be involved in the same biological function related to the metabolism of Ap4N. The unusual nucleotides (Ap4N) could be involved in the priming reaction of replication or synthesized as alarmones to signal the outset of cellular stress. XC 2382 has a highly conserved GXGXXG signature sequence, that is a pyrophosphate binding motif found in NAD- and FAD- binding proteins, suggesting that it may bind pyrophosphate or nucleotide phosphates. ApaG also shares sequence homology with CorD, a Salmonella typhimurium protein associated with Co2+ sensitivity and Mg2+ homeostasis. The high degree of sequence conservation among ApaG homologs in bacteria indicated that it carries out some important biological functions. We have also assigned most of the resonances of the 1H, 15N, 13C nuclei using similar NMR experiments as described above.
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