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    Title: 地方政府契約委外與信仰型非營利組織;Contracting Out in Local Governments and The Faith-based Organization
    Authors: 陳郁樺;Chen,Yu-Hua
    Contributors: 法律與政府研究所
    Keywords: 契約委外;信仰型非營利組織;資源依賴理論;contracting-out;faith-based organization;the resource dependence theory
    Date: 2014-01-21
    Issue Date: 2014-04-02 15:25:29 (UTC+8)
    Publisher: 國立中央大學
    Abstract: 本研究針對信仰型非營利組織承接地方政府契約委外之業務進行探討,本研究目的有三,首先探討信仰型非營利組織承接政府契約的因素;其次分析信仰型非營利組織承接政府契約後的現況與課題,以利日後對於承接政府契約委外的評估與因應之道;最後是探究信仰對於信仰型非營利組織承接契約過程中的意涵,以瞭解信仰在組織內的價值與意義。
      本研究採用文獻分析與深度訪談的方式蒐集研究資料,與研究對象─財團法人伊甸社會福利基金會各服務中心與專家學者進行半結構式的訪談,以瞭解信仰型非營利組織和社會福利契約的相互性。在承接契約的因素、現況與課題的方面,從宗旨與使命、人力運用、財務資源、業務運作與服務對象、組織權力與決策、競爭市場與對手六大面向對組織進行探討。而在信仰對契約之意涵的討論,試圖分析信仰在組織內部的定位與意義,以及在組織對外活動時候的作用力。
      研究結果發現,信仰型非營利組織承接政府契約的動機來自於使命、服務需求與資金來源;而契約會造成組織使命與業務的擴大、人力窘迫、資源依賴,以及各組織間的競爭關係;宗教信仰為組織的存在目的與意義,但在人力的招募與服務對象的選擇並不因信仰而有所影響,在服務的過程中也不為有傳教的行為。最後,本文依據研究發現給予信仰型非營利組織發展面向與政府法規修正之建議,並提出研究限制與未來展望,希望本研究能作為後續相關研究的基礎。; The thesis explores the contracting-out business between the faith-based  organization and local governments. Three objectives are intended here: first of all, to investigate the motivations of the faith-based organization behind signing governmental contracts. Secondly, to analyze the current situation and issues after the contract-signing, which can be helpful for the evaluation and resolution for future contracting-outs. And thirdly, to explore the implications of faith for the faith-based organization in the contracting process, which can provide insights into the value and meaning of faith in the organization.

    The thesis employs documentary analysis and use in-depth interview to collect data in this project, which include conducting semi-structured interviews with research subjects ─ the service centers of Eden Social Welfare Foundation and other experts and scholars, to understand the interdependency between the faith-based non-profit organization and social welfare contracts. To explore the reasons behind contract-signing, current status, and issues, the thesis looks into the following six aspects of the organization: objectives and missions, deployment of human resources, financial sources, services and clients, power and decision-making of the organization, and market competition and opponents. As for the role of faith in contracting process, the thesis analyses the position and meaning of faith inside the organization, as well as its effects on outreaching activities.

    The thesis findings are as follows: the motivations behind the faith-based non-profit organization's decision in taking governmental contracts include mission, service demand, and financial source. Furthermore, singing the contract will expand the missions and affairs of the organization, which may cause strained manpower, resource dependency, and competition between different organizations. Additionally, faith would not influence the recruitment of manpower and the choice of clients, even though religious faith is the aim and meaning of the organization. Also, no religious preaching is involved when the organization is providing services. Finally, this research offers suggestions and policy advices to the development of the faith-based non-profit organization and governmental legislations, with regard to the project's finding. The thesis also presents the research limitations and potentials of my project, and hope that they can facilitate the future development of relevant researches.
    Appears in Collections:[Graduate Institute of Law and Government] Electronic Thesis & Dissertation

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