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|Title: ||以魏晉六朝「自然山水觀」會通現代環境美學;Understanding Modern Environmental Aesthetics through the “View on Natural Scenery” of Wei Jin Period and the Six Dynasties|
|Keywords: ||環境美學;環境倫理學;突現美學;自然山水觀;審美意識;Environmental Aesthetics;Environmental Ethics;Emergent Aesthetics;View on Natural Scenery;Aesthetic Consciousness|
|Issue Date: ||2014-04-02 15:40:15 (UTC+8)|
中國自然美感的審美意識，是由人走向自然，自然比人更能體現宇宙無限的蓬勃生機；欣賞自然含蘊著藝術創作的主體與自然山水互動的靈思，達到物我感通、物我合一審美意境。因此，本文試圖從魏晉六朝時期的「自然山水觀」，會通西方自然環境的審美模式，以彌補其論述之不足。則此一研究顯然在我們與社會生存環境的互動過程中負有某種使命感，而這也正是環境倫理所秉持義理之所在。; The industrial advancement in the twentieth century brought mankind unprecedented happiness and opened up a bright future for the development of human beings. However, with the rapid development in industrialization of countries around the world, natural resources were plundered madly, leading to constant deterioration of environmental quality as well as ecological crises. These not only brought unprecedented impacts on our environment but also directly affected our quality of life and survival. Mankind pursuing economic growth madly began to realize the severity of environmental problems. From the context of such global development, the issue of ecological environment in Taiwan is also lost in the utilitarianism-based economic growth. It is said that the economy is being promoted but, in fact, the land and environment we rely on for survival are being mutilated. If we continue such behavior, not reconsidering the ethics and conscience toward this land and the responsibilities in conserving the ecological environment, and if we do not look back and think matters through humbly, we would be allowing ourselves to be mired in the “trap of progression” with the advancement of civilization and material.
From the aspect of evolutionism, the natural environment can help man development behavioral actions for adapting to the environment, which create cultural patterns helpful to survival through interaction with the environment. Thus, although the core problem of environmental aesthetics is the issue of appreciation for “natural beauty”, the aesthetic for the overall harmony of the nature is conveyed because the natural environment has its aesthetic value. From the view of environmental ethics, the purposes for man to establish an overall harmonized relation with nature include: (1) develop a sense of appreciation toward nature based on the theory of environmental aesthetics; (2) induce through this appreciation model the origin of the relation between aesthetics and ethics in order to determine the basis of aesthetic medium for environmental ethics and environmental aesthetics.
Regarding this issue, domestic and foreign aesthetics researchers not only hope to establish a scientific knowledge similar to the knowledge on western aesthetics, but also seek a research method which suits eastern classic aesthetics. In other words, they seek the “beauty of nature” in both eastern and western cultures. The long history of aesthetic appreciation of nature in China gave rise to the unique aesthetic feelings and expressions of landscape poetry and painting. Such aesthetic consciousness and western aesthetics were developed afterwards and are different from environmental aesthetics which adopts art aesthetics as the model of nature appreciation.
Chinese aesthetic consciousness of natural beauty is that man striding toward nature as nature can embody the infinite vigorous vitality of the universe better than man. Nature appreciation contains the subject of art creation and the inspiration of natural scenery interaction, achieving the aesthetic prospect of object and subject as one, as well as the concept of mental interaction between object and subject. Therefore, this study attempts to understand the western aesthetic model toward the natural environment through the “views on natural scenery” from Wei Jin Period and the Six Dynasties to supplement to the insufficient part of descriptions. This study obviously bears a certain mission in our interaction with the social environment, and this is exactly the righteousness and argumentation of environmental ethics.
|Appears in Collections:||[哲學研究所] 博碩士論文|
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