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    题名: 專利技術價值因子及價值實現之研究-以安全注射器個案為例
    作者: 陳昌慈;Chen,Chang-Tzu
    贡献者: 管理學院高階主管企管碩士班
    关键词: 價值因子;安全注射器;專利實施;專利鑑價;patent (IP) appraising;patent (IP) implement;safety syringes;value factors
    日期: 2007-06-26
    上传时间: 2014-05-08 15:29:39 (UTC+8)
    出版者: 國立中央大學
    摘要: 「知識」是經濟發展的原動力,因此保護「智慧財產權」是人類一個正確且文明的進步。從某個角度來看,「專利權」已經成為企業的競爭武器,企業可以採取技術壟斷的戰略控制並深入滲透市場。現今專家學者已經針對無形資產組成要素發展出許多不同的衡量指標及評價方式,然而在紛亂的鑑價模式中,對於「科技價值」,尤其是專利實施與專利價值因子的判斷,至今仍欠缺共識。這些可能互為因果或是正負交錯的價值因子,在過去的專家文獻中鮮少深入探討。
    由於鑑價人產業科技的專業知識不足,對於專利的可實施性無從真實的判斷及理解,許多鑑價模式因而避重就輕,閃躲困難課題,在鑑價報告中堆砌一些華麗辭藻以及難以理解的數理公式。專利鑑價的基礎應建立在價值因子的模型上的,如何找出適切的價值因子以及專利實施對科技價值的影響是當代科技鑑價的關鍵課題。
    本文以個案研究法針對最近十年來熱門的醫療耗材之一「安全注射器」的專利價值,就其技術領域及產業中發展的狀況,尋找、觀察、並分析其各項價值因子,希望藉由一群「安全注射器」專利個案進行深度分析並尋找適切的價值因子。研究中特別針對許多專利技術失敗的關鍵因素作調查,發現價值因子一但為負向時,對於專利價值之其影響程度為何,並驗證「專利的價值取決於專利的實施」的主張。
    本研究發現,專利實施是落實專利價值不可或缺的過程,專利的可實施性是決定專利價值之關鍵,也是實現專利價值成敗之所在。而實現專利價值的3+1個重要因子(商業、法律、科技及專利應用策略)為專利價值的絕對因子,專利實施必需具備財務資源的支持,配合正確的專利應用策略,才得以落實執行及實現專利價值。
    ;Knowledge is the motivation for the economic development. Therefore it comes a correct & civilized advancement while people conduct the protection measure for the intellectual property. Somehow, the inventions patent (IP) turns into a competition weapon in enterprises. The enterprises control and infiltrate the market by adopting the strategy of technical monopolization. Nowadays, specialists have already developed various weighing criteria & appraising ways for the elements of intangible asset. However, in current indiscrimination module for evaluation standard, there still yet to reached a common view for the technical value, especially when assess the value of IP implement and the factors of IP values. There is little research on navigating the causal relationship or positive/negative interlaced value factors.
    Due to estimators' poor expertise in specific industries, their report instead will be piled up with euphuisms and complicated formulas so as to skip hardball paragraphs. Accordingly, value of a IP will be devaluated though reports. Value appraising for the IP shall be fecundated from the module of value factors. It comes a critical topic for present-aged technology on how to properly finalize the value of factors and determinate the affection on practicing the IP to technical value.
    This research aims to finalize, observe and analysis each value factors on practicing status of IP for the safety syringes, one of the popular medical consumables at last decade so as to expecting the finalization of the proper value factors on the IP implement of safety syringes. This research investigates the critical factors on the failure cases when practice patent technology so as enable to finalize the affection on the patent value once negative value factors occurred; and verifies the statement of “The value of patent is decided by the practicing of parent”.
    This search observed that IP implement is an indispensable process to fulfill the IP valuation. The coverage of an IP applicability accounts to its performance. The essential 3+1 elements, business, legislation, technology and strategy of IP implement, to fulfill IP value are the absolute factors. It is necessary to obtain the support from finance and also cooperate with correct IP strategy so as to fulfill the IP value.
    显示于类别:[高階主管企管(EMBA)碩士班] 博碩士論文

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