本篇論文主要包含具有pyrazole結構之有機液晶。所有化合物經由1H-NMR, 13C-NMR, Mass與元素分析以鑑定其結構及純度,液晶相性質則是利用偏光顯微鏡(POM)來觀測相種類及熱微差掃描分析儀(DSC)測量相變化時之溫度與熱焓值，最後以變溫粉末X光繞射儀(XRD)確認其相的種類。 系列化合物Tpz-Cn在n=6時呈現出SmA之液晶相，然後在n=8~16時則展現出SmC之液晶相。化合物Tpz-2Cn在n=6~16時即呈現出Colh的液晶相，然後我們將其配位基與NiCl2進行配位形成錯合物，其錯合物則展現出Colh之液晶。 為了探討pyrazole上的NH對形成液晶是否為ㄧ重要因素，我們將NH取代成O原子合成出具有isoxazole結構之化合物，其相行為在n=12~16時皆為結晶相，因此可之NH對液晶行為有重大的影響。 In this thesis, we report the synthesis, characterization and mesomorphic properties of a series of new mesogenic derivatives based on pyrazole structureies. All compounds were characterized by 1H, 13C-NMR spectroscopy and elemental analysis. The phase behaviors of these mesogenic compounds were characterized and studied by differential scanning calorimeter (DSC) and polarization optical microscope. In the serie, a new type of mesogenic compounds derived from heterocyclic pyrazoles were prepared and studied. The compounds of Tpz-Cn, exhibited smectic phases, as expected for their rod-like structures, compounds of Tpz-2Cn, exhibited columnar hexagonal phases, as expected for their discotic-like structures. The metal complexes, Tpz-2Cn-Ni, formed by reacting the pyrazoles with NiCl2 are exhibited columnar hexagonal phases too.