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    题名: 中共建國初期的「東北王」-高崗的崛起與沒落;The Research on Gao Gang’ Rise and Fall
    作者: 李鴻隆;Lee,Hung-Jung
    贡献者: 歷史研究所在職專班
    关键词: 劉少奇;毛澤東;高崗
    日期: 2014-04-09
    上传时间: 2014-06-19 14:09:00 (UTC+8)
    出版者: 國立中央大學
    摘要: 高崗出身貧苦的農民家庭,在中國共產黨的發展歷史中,高崗曾是中共陝甘寧革命根據地的領導人之一,並曾擔任中華人民共和國中央人民政府副主席。這樣一位影響深遠的政治領導人,最終卻走上自殺的道路。回顧高崗備受爭議的一生,曾為中國共產黨的發展生存、及中華人民共和國國家發展建設做出極大貢獻的他,最後卻在 1954 年2 月中共七屆四中全會上因同饒漱石進行分裂黨、篡奪中國共產黨和國家最高權力的陰謀活動受到揭發與批判,最後被開除中國共產黨黨籍。本文的研究認為事件的關鍵在於,高崗誤信了毛澤東對於劉少奇的不滿,而在黨內高層進行組織串聯,犯了毛澤東的大忌,最後卻反遭毛澤東的無情整肅。; Gao Gang was born in a poor peasant family. In the development history of the Chinese Communist Party (CCP), Gao Gang was one of the leaders in the revolutionary base areas of Shaanxi, Gansu, Ningxia and once held the position of Vice Chairman of Central People’s Government of the People’s Repubic of China(PRC). Even though being such a political leader with big and profound influence, he eventually ended his life by suicide. Looking back to the controversial life of Gao Gang, he contributed a lots to the survival and development of the CCP as well as the national building; nevertheless, he was disclosed with the crime of conspiracy in the end. Gao Gong was accused of slitting up Chinese Communist Party in the Fourth Plenum of the CCP`s Seventh Central Committee in February , 1954 with the alliance of Rao Shushi for the attempt of usurping the highest power of both the CCP and the PRC. He was then expelled by the CCP. This essay holds the point of view that the key reason of this event is because Gao Gang had a wrong belief that Mao Zedong was dissatisfied with Liu Shaoqi; that led to his attempt of allying with different organizations inside the high rank of the CCP, which was definitely intolerable for Mao Zedong and finally he was mercilessly purged by Mao. .
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