After the foundation of PRC, in an effort to accelerate the modernization and normalization in Liberation Army’s construction, a campaign of learning from the advanced experience of Soviet Army was launched. Nevertheless, such process of learning has drifted into a deviation of “dogmatism”. Inside the army, due to the different concepts of “anti-dogmatism”, the discrepancy in opinions has developed into the “anti-dogmatic” struggle. Among all these contradictions and conflicts, Nanjing Military Academy and the Department of Supervision and Training were impacted most.
In this “anti-dogmatic” struggle, a large number of military officers were involved and affected, as a result, the construction in the army was seriously damaged. Peng Dehuai, who was the first Minister of National Defense in PRC government, also hold the position of the Vice Chairman of the Central Military Commission and was in charge of army’s daily work. He was the key person to move the modernization and normalization in army’s construction. However, ever since the “anti-dogmatism” formed, Peng Dehuai has changed his point of view for the strategy of army’s construction. Moreover, what he has done in the “anti-dogmatic” struggle and his relevant opinions have indirectly hindered the development of the modernization and normalization in army’s construction.
In 1958, Peng Dehuai has hosted the enlarged meeting of the Central Military Commission. Originally the aim of the meeting was to work out issues according to the guideline of rectification and integration; however, later on the focus of meeting has turned to be the “anti-dogmatism”. Peng Dehuai, who intended to carry out Mao Zedong’s will, has even raised the struggle into the battling of two military lines and has enlarged the impact from the struggle into a severe level. A large number of military officers were therefore criticized and denounced harshly in this meeting, which has eventually turned into the first struggle inside the army in PRC history.