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    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://ir.lib.ncu.edu.tw/handle/987654321/64583

    Title: 1950年代前期美國對中華民國之政策;The U.S. Policy Toward the R.O.C. in the Early 1950s──Based on the Analysis of FRUS
    Authors: 黃美嬌;Huang,Mei-chiao
    Contributors: 歷史研究所在職專班
    Keywords: 冷戰;圍堵政策;韓戰;臺海一次危機;〈中美共同防禦條約〉;Cold War;policy of containment;Korean War;First Taiwan Strait Crisis;“Mutual Defense Treaty Between the United States of America and the Republic of China”
    Date: 2014-06-16
    Issue Date: 2014-08-11 18:44:27 (UTC+8)
    Publisher: 國立中央大學
    Abstract: 第二次世界大戰結束後,美國與蘇聯因意識型態的對立,雙方陣營形成國際冷戰的
    1950 年6 月韓戰爆發後,杜魯門(Harry S. Truman, 1884-1972)宣布中立臺海,避
    任統艾森豪(Dwight D. Eisenhower, 1890-1969)於1953 年3 月聲明解除中立臺海。韓
    1954 年對金門發動九三炮戰,引發臺海一次危機。艾森豪政府以中華民國政府同意聯合
    ;After World War II, the world was divided into two camps due to the ideological
    antagonism between the United States (the U.S.) and the Soviet Union, and the Cold War
    began. The U.S. started to implement the policy of containment toward the Soviet Union
    bloc to prevent the expansion of communism from jeopardizing the U.S. national interests.
    In 1949, the Nationalist Government relocated to Taiwan. To keep the Chinese
    Communist Party from joining the Soviet Union bloc, the U.S. did not provide Taiwan with
    military aid at the time, taking a hands-off position on the future of the Republic of China (the
    In June of 1950, the Korean War broke out. The U.S. President Harry S. Truman
    (1884-1972) declared the neutralization of Taiwan Strait to avoid any armed hostilities in the
    strait to secure the safety of the U.S. defense line in the Western Pacific. In March of 1953,
    to force the People’s Republic of China (the P.R.C.) to concur on the armistice agreement of
    the Korean War, Truman’s successor Dwight D. Eisenhower (1890-1969) issued a statement
    to lift the neutralization of Taiwan Strait. After the Korean War, the P.R.C. became a great
    power rival hostile to the United States in the Far East during the Cold War.
    The Truman government had been assisting the R.O.C. military to raid against the
    P.R.C. along the coast of mainland China to concentrate the P.R.C. force on the Korean
    Peninsula during the Korean War. To achieve its end of liberating Taiwan as well as to
    obstruct the signing of Mutual Defense Treaty between the R.O.C. and the U.S., the P.R.C.
    bombarded Kinmen on September 3, 1954, setting off the First Taiwan Strait Crisis. On
    condition that the R.O.C. government concurred on the truce negotiation of the United
    Nations Security Council, the Eisenhower government eventually signed the Mutual Defense
    Treaty with the R.O.C., declaring to assist in defending Taiwan and the Pescadores. Thus
    the U.S. hands-off policy toward the R.O.C. set by the Truman government was
    foundamentally changed.
    Appears in Collections:[歷史研究所碩士在職專班 ] 博碩士論文

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