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    题名: 人力精簡對企業績效的影響–以產業特性為調節變項;Exploring the impact of downsizing and firms’ performance –Industry characteristics as mediators
    作者: 林秋華;Lin,Chiu-hua
    贡献者: 人力資源管理研究所在職專班
    关键词: 人力精簡;企業績效;產業特性;Downsizing;firm performance;industry characteristic
    日期: 2014-07-11
    上传时间: 2014-10-15 14:22:46 (UTC+8)
    出版者: 國立中央大學
    摘要: 人力精簡是企業面對經營困境時,經常使用的管理方法之一,其成效如何眾說紛紜。本研究以台灣上市公司為研究對象,探討人力精簡對台灣企業績效的影響,並以產業特性為調節變項,檢視不同產業特性對企業精簡人力後的績效是否具調節作用;同時,分析2008年金融危機後,產業特性的調節效果是否更為彰顯。資料來源為2002年至2012年的公開觀測站與台灣經濟新報,採用敘述性統計、因素分析與階層迴歸分析,進行假說的檢驗。

    研究結果顯示,台灣企業進行人力精簡對績效有正向影響。金融危機後,與研發密集度低的產業相比,研發密集度高的產業,人力精簡後的企業績效有較弱的正向影響;而資本密集度低的產業與資本密集度高的產業相比,資本密集度高的產業進行人力精簡對企業績效有較強的正向影響;高成長率的產業相較於低成長率的產業,其人力精簡後的企業績效具較強正向影響。因此,本研究設定的五個假說成立。

    本研究的分析結果,可以作為台灣企業執行人力精簡政策時的參考依據。;While facing difficulties, companies often tend to take downsizing as a business strategy.But according to the findings of downsizing, the result is controversially.To explore the interaction between downsizing and firms’performance, this research studies all the Taiwan companies which can be found in the Market Observation Post System of Taiwan Stock Exchange and Taiwan Economic Journal.Also we take the industry characteristics as moderators to review the effect.And we focus on whether the moderating effect is more obvious or not after financial crisis.We use descriptive statistics, factor analysis, and hierarchical multiple regression to test five hypotheses.

    And the analysis result of this research shows that downsizing in Taiwan have positive effect on firms’ performance.After financial crisis, industries with higher R&D intensity have weaker positive effect on firms’ performance after downsizing than those with lower R&D intensity.Industries with higher capital-intensive have stronger positive effect on firms’performance after downsizing than those with lower capital–intensive.And industries with higher growth rate have stronger positive effect on firms’ performance after downsizing than those with lower growth rate. Therefore, the five hypotheses of this study are verified.

    The analysis result of this research can be a reference when companies want to take downsizing as their human resource policies.
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