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    题名: 腸病毒71型內轉譯子及病毒蛋白質的研究;Study of EV71 IRES and viral proteins
    作者: 賴雅璿;Ya-shiuan Lai
    贡献者: 生命科學研究所
    关键词: 酵母菌雙雜交系統;內轉譯子;腸病毒;yeast two hybrid;IRES;EV71
    日期: 2007-06-29
    上传时间: 2009-09-22 10:20:24 (UTC+8)
    出版者: 國立中央大學圖書館
    摘要: 人類的腸病毒71型 (EV71)會造成很多手足口方面的疾病並伴隨有中樞神經系統症狀。它屬於人類病毒Picornaviridae科中的Enterovirus屬。腸病毒71型完整序列大約7450個核甘酸,而在5’端的不轉譯區包含744個核甘酸,具有內轉譯子(Internal ribosome entry site; IRES)的活性,IRES可以直接幫助辨認核糖體且與之鍵結,繼而起始轉譯,此方式並不需要靠一般cap結構的幫助,故為cap-independent translation。腸病毒71型的基因體可以利用IRES轉譯產生一條約2194個胺基酸的多蛋白胜月太鏈,隨後經由病毒蛋白水解酶的切割轉趨成熟,形成11個病毒蛋白。根據前人的文獻,在酵母菌Saccharomyces cerevisiae中有一個小片段的RNA (Inhibitory RNA; IRNA),可以選擇性的去抑制小兒痲痺病毒以及C型肝炎病毒的IRES轉譯作用,其中最主要的機制是IRNA會和細胞內某些蛋白質因子互相結合,而這些蛋白質因子恰巧為IRES進行轉譯所必需的。在本篇論文中,我們想要探究腸病毒的IRES在酵母菌裡是否可以作用,能夠在雙效表現系統中起始報告基因蛋白質的合成。而最後由無啟動子 (promoterless)的實驗,我們發現其實腸病毒71型的IRES之所以能夠起始報告 基因蛋白質形成,是來自於它有潛在啟動子 (cryptic promoter)的能力。 在本篇論文的第二部份,我們也想利用酵母菌雙雜交系統去研究腸病毒71型的11個病毒蛋白在執行功能時彼此間的交互作用。發現病毒蛋白3A和2B會和自己以同複合體作用以及3A分別和2B及2C形成異複合體,而2A本身可能具有轉錄活性,除此之外,透過對酵母菌的毒性測試,只有2A會抑制酵母菌的正常生長。 Human enterovirus 71 (EV71) has been implicated in numerous epidemics of hand, foot, and mouth disease (HFMD). It belongs to the Enterovirus genus of the Picornaviridae family. The 5’ untranslated region (5’ UTR) of EV71 contains 744 nucleotides and functions as internal ribosome entry site (IRES). By directly recruiting ribosomes to the IRES (cap-independent translation), EV71 genome encodes a single polypeptide chain of 2194 amino acids which is later processed to yield eleven protein products. Previous studies have shown that a small yeast RNA, known as inhibitor RNA (IRNA), can block poliovirus and HCV IRES-mediated translation by binding the host protein factors which are necessary for IRES function. In our research, we examined the ability of the 5’UTR of EV71 to play as an IRES in yeast and thus to direct the synthesis of a reporter gene in a bicistronic vector. Unfortunately, EV71 IRES in promoterless vector can still trigger the expression of the reporter gene, suggesting that EV71 IRES has a cryptic promoter activity in yeast. In the second part of this study, we further examined if there are interactions between these eleven viral proteins by yeast two hybrid system. In our study, viral protein 3A and 2B will form homomultimer respectively in order to participate in the interaction. Still, 3A can form heteromultimer with 2B and 2C. In addition, we found that only 2A inhibits the normal growth of yeast by toxicity test and that 2A may have certain transcription activation activity.
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