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    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://ir.lib.ncu.edu.tw/handle/987654321/65168


    Title: 催眠之科學研究——以催眠與創造力研究為例;The scientific study of hypnosis ——take the study of hypnosis and creativity as an example
    Authors: 王黎;Li,Wang
    Contributors: 光電科學與工程學系
    Keywords: 催眠;認知科學;創造力;Alpha1;Alpha2;均值;標準差;hypnosis;cognitive science;creativity;Alpha1;Alpha2;mean;std
    Date: 2014-07-25
    Issue Date: 2014-10-15 14:42:27 (UTC+8)
    Publisher: 國立中央大學
    Abstract: 本論文針對近年來國際上開始流行起來的利用現代科學方法(尤其是認知心理學)去研究心理學、精神病學、臨床醫學上一個非常獨特的現象——“催眠”——的眾多研究結果進行了特殊的文獻研究,回顧並總結這20多年來對於“催眠”現象或者利用“催眠”去研究其他學科的眾多研究方向、方法與結論,並總結“催眠”之科學研究的未來趨勢。
    同時,由於利用“催眠”研究創造力的成果非常之少,本論文初步嘗試利用註意力散焦法及催眠音樂引導法分別研究其對於語文創造力(發散性思維)和圖形創造力(發散性思維)的作用,發現註意力散焦法一方面有效地提昇了受試者之語文創造力,另一方面則對圖形創造力起到抑制作用;並且,在完成語文創造力作業時,註意力散焦法對於低創造力受試者的提昇作用更加明顯,而在完成圖形創造力作業時,註意力散焦法對於高創造力受試者的抑制作業更加明顯。另外,音樂催眠引導法則有效地提昇了高、低創造力受試者的圖形創造力,並且對這兩組受試者的影響相當。
    腦波分析則顯示,受試者左右腦Alpha1、Alpha2之均值和標準差、Alpha1均值-Beta1均值之差值越大,則受試者之語文、圖形創造力的得分也越高。並且,低創造力受試者之創造思維表現的提昇,很可能與其右腦Alpha2之均值和標準差的提昇有關。
    ;The present study is mainly considering what has become popular recently in cognitive neuroscience, that using modern scientific methods to study one of the most mysterious phenomenon in psychology, psychiatry and clinical medicine - "Hypnosis" – reviewing numerous literature of the past 20 years studies of the "hypnosis" phenomenon or using the "hypnotic" technique to study other scientific subjects, and summarize their methods and conclusions, and propose the future trends in scientific "hypnosis" research.
    Meanwhile, since the little use of "hypnosis"to study creativity, this present paper attempts to initially using "attention defocused" technique and "hypnotic music" technique to studied the language creativity (divergent thinking) and graphic creativity (divergent thinking). The results show that on the one hand "attention defocused" technique effectively enhances the language creativity of subjects, on the other hand, brings an inhibitory effect to their graphic creativity. Also, in the language creativity task, "attention defocused" technique for enhancing subject s′ creativity is more apparent for the low, but in the completion of the graphic creativity tasks, it is more apparent to inhibit the performance of the high. In addition, "hypnotic music" technique effectively enhances the graphic creativity for the high and low creativity, and the impact of these two groups is equally fair.
    EEG analysis shows that the subjects′ left and right brain Alpha1′s, Alpha2′s mean and standard deviation, and the difference between the Alpha1′ mean minus Beta1′ mean, the greater the higher creativity performance. And the enhancement of the low, may be associated with the right brain Alpha2′ mean and standard deviation level.
    Appears in Collections:[光電科學研究所] 博碩士論文

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