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    题名: 環保抗爭事件之研究:以三峽瀝青廠為例;Environmental protests in Taiwan: A research of Sanxia asphalt plant protest event.
    作者: 李艾樺;Li,Ai-hua
    贡献者: 法律與政府研究所
    关键词: 環保抗爭;社會運動;公民參與;資源動員理論;政治機會理論;框架理論;瀝青廠;環境運動;鄰避設施;Sanxia Asphalt Plant;social movement;citizen participation;environmental protests;resource mobilization;political opportunities;framing processes;Not In My Back Yard
    日期: 2014-08-28
    上传时间: 2014-10-15 14:46:27 (UTC+8)
    出版者: 國立中央大學
    摘要: 1972年聯合國發表環境宣言以來,環境問題逐漸增加,早期的環境問題包括汙染、野生動物保護、發展中國家議題、水質惡化、土壤液化、經濟發展帶來的技術轉移及貿易的不良影響;隨著人類科技發展生活日益便利,漸漸地空氣、水汙染問題加劇、衍生了有毒化學物質汙染、臭氧層耗損破壞、土地變質、生物多樣性的消失、氣候變遷等等。而環境議題具有擴散性、系統性、無法以單一區域視之,必須置於全球架構下探討,環境問題是全體人類必須共同面對的課題。身為地球公民的台灣,透過全球化影響,也具有上述的環境問題,近幾年環境議題更在公私部門漫延廣受討論。
    研究者居住新北市三峽區,三峽瀝青廠位於三峽區溪南里,1969年開始營業,因長期製造空氣噪音汙染,產生民怨,新北市環保局屢次開罰,改善成效不彰。民眾於2011年4 月開始於網路、實體社區集結,2011年6月25日發動「625千人反空污遊行」,同年7月14日三峽瀝青廠拆遷。研究者參與部分組織動員歷程,同時新北市政府透過數次說明會與民眾溝通,設置監測系統回應居民訴求。最終,透過社會運動與公民參與相關機制,三峽瀝青場拆遷。本研究梳理社會運動理論及公民參與相關文獻,探討下列問題:
    一、研究反三峽瀝青廠環保抗爭運動成因、訴求、動員策略。
    二、探討運動過程中發生之公民參與的相關問題。

    ;Since the declaration of the United Nations Conference on the Human Environment announced at 1972, environmental issues have been already increased gradually. In early periods, most of the environmental issues may include pollutions, wildlife protections, issues of developing countries, water quality deteriorations, soil liquefaction and the impact of trading and technology transfer of economic development. With the development of the technology, our lives have been increasingly more convenient. However, the air and water pollution exacerbated in the meantime. These pollutions cause a lot of problems around the world, such as derivative toxic chemicals, ozone depletion, land deterioration, disruption of biodiversity and climate change. Even so, we probably couldn’t treat them as a local issue because of their diffusibility and systematization. On the other hand, we should discuss and investigate the environmental issues under a global, comprehensive architecture of theory.
    The environmental issues have become a world-wide challenge of all human kind. Due to globalization, Taiwan, as a member of the citizens of Earth, also cannot free from them. Even in recent years, environmental issues are wildly discussed in both public and private sectors of Taiwan.
    The researcher now lives in Sanxia District of New Taipei City. Sanxia Asphalt Plant had been located in Xinan Li of Sanxia District since 1969. After that, Sanxia Asphalt Plant had produced a lot of air and noise pollution for a long time. The neighborhoods complained about the pollution many times but it never worked. Even the EPA of New Taipei City issued several fine penalties for this. Since April 2011, residents started to discuss and plan a protest action on the local internet forum and community. At June 25 2011, they prompted an “Anti Air Pollution Protest” which one thousand people attended. Meanwhile, New Taipei City hosted several seminars to communicate with residents continually and agreed to setup several pollution monitoring systems to response the request from residents. Finally, at July 14, Sanxia Asphalt Plant was demolished.
    The researcher partially participated the organization and mobilization of this protest. Actually, it can be said with certainty that Sanxia Asphalt Plant was demolished because of the social movement and citizen participation of local residents. In this essay, the researcher will try to research following topics according to documentations and literatures regarding social movement and citizen participation:
    1. Explore the reasons, requests and strategy of the “Anti Sanxia Asphalt Plant” protest action.
    2. Investigate the predicament of citizen participation during the action.
    显示于类别:[法律與政府研究所] 博碩士論文

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