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    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://ir.lib.ncu.edu.tw/handle/987654321/6533

    Title: 阿拉伯芥突變種hit2之位址定位;Genetic Mapping of hit2 Locus in Arabidopsis thaliana
    Authors: 吳欣潔;Shin-jye Wu
    Contributors: 生命科學研究所
    Keywords: 對熱耐受性較低的突變株;氧化還原酶;阿拉伯芥;oxidoreductase;heat intolerance;hit2;Arabidopsis
    Date: 2009-07-02
    Issue Date: 2009-09-22 10:21:15 (UTC+8)
    Publisher: 國立中央大學圖書館
    Abstract: 摘要 高溫逆境為主要的環境逆境之一,會抑制植物的生長甚至造成植物死亡。過去對於高溫逆境的研究主要為短暫的高溫逆境,而長時間的高溫逆境較少被人研究,本研究的目的即是以向前式遺傳研究法(forward genetics approach)來找出植物對抗長時間高溫逆境的基因。利用ethylmethane sulfonate為突變劑,我們從阿拉伯芥中篩出一突變株,取名為hit2 (heat intolerance 2)。以37℃熱處理3天後,hit2會呈現白化死亡而野生型則能繼續生長。除此之外,hit2對於heat shock與巴拉刈(paraquat)所造成的逆境也有低耐受的表現型態。我們使用以遺傳圖譜為基礎之基因選殖法(map-based cloning, MBC),將Columbia生態型之hit2突變株與Landsberg erecta生態型之野生種雜交,其自交之F2子代再以基因標記進行基因定位分析。在檢測了2675棵F2植株後,我們發現hit2突變點的位址坐落於阿拉伯芥第五條染色體AGI map 5,570kb與5,620kb之間。在進行核甘酸定序後我們在一個NADPH依賴的氧化還原酶(NADPH-dependent oxidoreductase)基因中找到一個由C變T的點突變。此外,我們也比較了hit2與先前篩選出之另一個對熱耐受性較低的突變株hit1-1對不同逆境之反應。根據胺基酸的序列比對,HIT1與囊泡繫鏈蛋白質(vesicle tethering protein)同源。而實驗的結果則顯示,巴拉刈會影響hit1-1的生長,但以heat shock處理後之hit1-1則與野生型一樣能繼續生長。據此,我們推測HIT1與HIT2以不同的機制來幫助植物對抗高溫逆境。HIT1有可能是以囊泡循環來幫助植物細胞修復受損的細胞膜,而HIT2則是在負責降解熱逆境所產生的過氧化物所造成的有毒物質。接下來,我們會將野生型的HIT2基因轉殖到hit2突變株進行互補試驗,並研究HIT2在植物生理中擔任的功能與角色。 ABSTRACT Heat stress as a result of elevated temperatures is one of the major agricultural problems that limits crop yield. To understand how plants respond to survive such detrimental condition and what genetic determinants are responsible for the protecting responses, forward genetic approach was employed to directly identify genes that play active roles in plant heat tolerance. Arabidopsis hit2 mutant (as heat-intolerance 2) was hence identified through screening of ethylmethane sulfonate (EMS)-mutagenized M2 plants. The growth of hit2 mutant is more sensitive than that of wild type plants under non-lethal, prolonged high temperature stress (37oC for 3 days). In addition, hit2 mutant is hypersensitive to both heat shock and methyl viologen (MV, also known as paraquat) treatments. For gene mapping, mutants in the Columbia background were crossed to plants of the Landsberg erecta background and F1 plants were allowed self-pollinated to produce the F2 plants. About 2700 F2 individuals with hit2 phenotype were collected and subjected to the mapping analysis. Results indicated that hit2 is located at the region between AGI map 5,570kb and 5,620kb of the chromosome 5, which is covered by bacterial artificial chromosome F2K13. Sequencing of the entire region revealed a single nucleotide substitution from C to T in a gene encoding a putative NADPH dependent oxidoreductase. We also compare the stress sensitivity between hit2 and hit1-1, a previously identified heat intolerant mutant whose mutated gene product is homologues to yeast tethering protein Vps53p. Results showed that hit1-1 mutant is hypersensitive to paraquat treatment but resistant to heat shock treatment. Accordingly, we proposed that HIT1 and HIT2 protect plants from heat stress damage via different mechanisms. It is suggested that HIT1 plays the role in repairing damaged membrane through vesicle recycling while HIT2 is responsible for protecting plants from high temperature induced oxidative stress. Currently, we are cloning the wild-type HIT2 gene for complementation test. Examination of the Molecular and cellular function of HIT2 will follow as well.
    Appears in Collections:[生命科學研究所 ] 博碩士論文

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