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    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://ir.lib.ncu.edu.tw/handle/987654321/65348

    Title: 器官捐贈之倫理分析;An Ethical Analysis of Organ Transplantation
    Authors: 王佩如;Wang,Pei-Ru
    Contributors: 哲學研究所在職專班
    Keywords: 腦死;屍捐;羅爾斯;丹尼爾斯;器官買賣;家屬互捐;brain death;cadaver donation;John Rawls;Daniels;organ trading;family-pairing donation
    Date: 2014-07-25
    Issue Date: 2014-10-15 15:28:31 (UTC+8)
    Publisher: 國立中央大學
    Abstract: 近年來器官移植技術成熟發展,對器官衰竭病者來說,器官移植依然是延續生命的主要方式。亞洲人的輪迴觀念,讓器官捐贈的問題變成人們避而不談的議題,往生時要保留全屍的老舊觀念仍存在,造成來源供應短缺,等待器官移植的受贈者忍受等待與死神搏鬥的煎熬,更有些受贈者因等不及適合的器官而結束了生命。本文的研究希望喚起大眾對器官捐贈的關注,在往生時捐出自己可用的器官,幫助有需要的人。


    ;In recent years the technology of organ transplantation is much matured, and organ transplantation is still the main way of maintaining of life for patients of organ failure. Asian concept of reincarnation; makes organ donation a somewhat taboo because of the traditional idea of maintaining a whole and complete body after death is still very popular. It is one of the reasons that causes a shortage of organ supply, and many patients waiting for organ transplantation suffer and die without receiving the needed organs. In this thesis, I would like to investigate the problem and call to public attention the need of organ transplantation, hoping that more people would donate their organs upon their farewell to the world.
    There are ethical dilemmas facing organ donations such as voluntary versus selling, the proper ways of solicitation of organs, possible harms to the donor or the recipient, and others. There have been various ways to solve the problem of shortage of organs. Medical researchers have been trying to devise artificial organs but with limited success; animal organ transplantation has the problem of rejection by the body’s defensive mechanism; transgenic organ transplantation is in its infancy. Inter—human transplantation is still the most important solution. In this thesis, I examine the issues of brain-dead donation, fair distribution of organs by the theory of justice of John Rawls and Norman Daniels’s benchmarks, the reasonableness of related legal arrangement, and finally consider from the perspective of religion, family relation, as well as trading to find ways to improve sources of organs for transplantation.
    To increase organs for transplantation by obtaining organs from brain-dead patients is one of the main methods and sources, and the result of transplantation is usually better. People are greatly praised for their altruistic donation of organs to save the lives of the needed patients. I try to evaluate the fairness of legal organ transplantation arrangement of Taiwan in comparison with other countries with John Rawls’s theory of justice and Norman Daniels’s benchmarks of fairness. However, increasing organ supply is the solution. One of the powerful ways is by appealing to religion. Many of the most revered Buddhists of Taiwan such as Master Sheng Yen, Master Hsing Yun, Master Cheng Yen have called upon their followers to support organ donation to help critically ill patients who need organ transplantations. This article also consider the pros and cons of organ trading as a proposal for sources of organ supply, but the serious harms and exploitations of the disadvantaged and vulnerable prevents us to take this step for the solution of organ shortage. However, the arrangement of paired live donations between non-related family members is a good way to shorten the waiting time for an organ, improve the sources and have better organs for transplantation. It is a system that should be widely established.
    Appears in Collections:[Executive Master of Philosophy] Electronic Thesis & Dissertation

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