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    請使用永久網址來引用或連結此文件: http://ir.lib.ncu.edu.tw/handle/987654321/6550


    題名: 聯咪唑錸錯合物之自組裝合成、結構與性質研究;Self-assembly, Structures and Properties of Bisimidazole Rhenium Complexes
    作者: 呂宗展;Zong-zhan Lu
    貢獻者: 化學研究所
    關鍵詞: 自組裝;聯咪唑;錸錯合物;Bisimidazole;Rhenium Complexes;Self-assembly
    日期: 2009-07-09
    上傳時間: 2009-09-22 10:21:40 (UTC+8)
    出版者: 國立中央大學圖書館
    摘要: 本論文研究包含三部分。 第一部分是使用Re2(CO)10與4-(1-naphthylvinyl)pyridine (1,4-NVP) ,分別搭配1-butanol (n-BuOH)、1-decanol (n-DecOH)、2,2′-biimidazole (BImH2)、2,2′-Bis(4,5-dimethylimidazole) (BiDMImH2)或2,2′-bisbenzimidazole (BiBzImH2),於溶劑熱條件下自組裝合成,可得到cis-[Re(CO)3(1,4-NVP)]2(n-BuO)2 (1)、[Re(CO)3(1,4-NVP)]2(n-DecO)2 (2)、[Re(CO)3(1,4-NVP)]2BIm (3)、trans-[Re(CO)3(1,4-NVP)]2BiDMIm (4)或trans-[Re(CO)3(1,4-NVP)]2BiBzIm (5) 。錯合物1-5經由紅外線共振吸收、核磁共振氫譜、質譜、元素分析等方法鑑定,1、4和5之結構也以X光單晶繞射解析。可藉由紅外線共振吸收之C≡O特徵峰的分裂判斷錯合物2和3的順反構型。 第二部分則使用Re2(CO)10與BImH2,分別搭配1,4-NVP或4,4′-dipyridyl (4,4′-dpy),於溶劑熱條件下自組裝合成,可得到fac-[Re(CO)3(1,4-NVP)]BImH (6)或(Z)-[Re(CO)3BImH]2-μ-(4,4′-dpy) (7),錯合物6和7經由紅外線共振吸收、核磁共振氫譜、質譜、元素分析等方法鑑定,其結構也以X光單晶繞射解析。兩錯合物都利用分子間氫鍵作用力形成二聚物。官能化的錯合物6具有抓取質子、氟離子辨識和順反式轉換的能力,可藉由核磁共振氫譜、 紫外-可見光吸收等方法鑑定。錯合物6也展現發光特性。 第三部分使用Re2(CO)10與trans-1,2-bis(4-pyridyl)ethylene (4,4′-bpe),分別搭配BImH2、BiDMImH2或BiBzImH2,於溶劑熱條件下自組裝合成,可得到([Re(CO)3]2BIm)2-μ,μ′-(4,4′-bpe)2 (8)、([Re(CO)3]2BiDMIm)2-μ,μ′-(4,4′-bpe)2 (9)與([Re(CO)3]2BiBzIm)2-μ,μ′-(4,4′-bpe)2 (10)。錯合物8-10經由紅外線共振吸收、核磁共振氫譜、質譜、元素分析等方法鑑定,其結構也以單晶X光繞射法解析。錯合物8和10藉由可見光照射行[2 + 2] 光化二聚合反應,分別得到([Re(CO)3]2BIm)2-μ-(4,4′-tpcb) (11)和([Re(CO)3]2BiBzIm)2-μ-(4,4′-tpcb) (12) (4,4′-tpcb = 1,2,3,4-tetrakis(4-pyridyl)cyclobutane),反應具專一性而且過程屬單晶的轉換(single-crystal to single-crystal transformation)。錯合物11和12經由紅外線共振吸收、核磁共振氫譜、紫外-可見光吸收等方法鑑定,其結構也以X光單晶繞射解析。另外,錯合物8和10對光的敏感度高,若在溶液中反應,只需很短的時間即完成光化二聚合。此外,實驗結果意味著光化二聚合的難易程度似乎會受到遠端聯咪唑類配基上的取代基推拉電子效應所影響。 The study of this thesis include three parts. The first part, complexes cis-[Re(CO)3(1,4-NVP)]2(n-BuO)2 (1), [Re(CO)3(1,4-NVP)]2(n-DecO)2 (2), [Re(CO)3(1,4-NVP)]2BIm (3), trans-[Re(CO)3(1,4-NVP)]2BiDMIm (4) or trans-[Re(CO)3(1,4-NVP)]2BiBzIm (5) were successfully synthesized by treatment of Re2(CO)10 with 4-(1-naphthylvinyl)pyridine (1,4-NVP) and 1-butanol (n-BuOH), 1-decanol (n-DecOH), 2,2′-biimidazole (BImH2), 2,2′-bis(4,5-dimethylimidazole) (BiDMImH2) or 2,2′-bisbenzimidazole (BiBzImH2), respectively, under solvothermal conditions. The series of rhenium-based complexes 1-5 was characterized using FT-IR, 1H NMR, FAB-MS spectroscopic techniques and Elemental Analysis. The structures of complexes 1, 4, and 5 were further confirmed by single-crystal X-ray diffraction analysis. Complexes 2 and 3 can be recognized cis or trans conformation by means of knowing the splitting C≡O bands. The second part, complexes fac-[Re(CO)3(1,4-NVP)]BImH (6), or (Z)-[Re(CO)3BImH]2-μ-(4,4′-dpy) (7), were successfully synthesized by treatment of Re2(CO)10 with BImH2 or 1,4-NVP and 4,4′-dipyridyl (4,4′-dpy), respectively, under solvothermal conditions. The complexes were characterized using FT-IR, 1H NMR, FAB-MS spectroscopic techniques and Elemental Analysis. The structures were further confirmed by X-ray single-crystal diffraction analysis. The functionalized complexe 6 has capabilities of probing proton, recognizing fluoride, and trans-to-cis isomerization and shows photoluminescence property. The last part, complexes ([Re(CO)3]2BIm)2-μ,μ′-(4,4′-bpe)2 (8), ([Re(CO)3]2BiDMIm)2-μ,μ′-(4,4′-bpe)2 (9) or ([Re(CO)3]2BiBzIm)2-μ,μ′-(4,4′-bpe)2 (10) were successfully synthesized by treatment of Re2(CO)10 with trans-1,2-bis(4-pyridyl)ethylene (4,4′-bpe) and BImH2, BiDMImH2 or BiBzImH2, respectively, under solvothermal conditions. The complexes 8-10 was characterized using FT-IR, 1H NMR, FAB-MS spectroscopic techniques and Elemental Analysis. The structures were further confirmed by single-crystal X-ray diffraction analysis. Complexes 8 and 10 were practiced [2 + 2] photodimerization upon visible-light-irradiation leading to the specific complexes ([Re(CO)3]2BIm)2-μ-(4,4′-tpcb) (11) and ([Re(CO)3]2BiBzIm)2-μ-(4,4′-tpcb) (12) (4,4′-tpcb = 1,2,3,4-tetrakis(4-pyridyl)cyclobutane), accompanied by single-crystal to single-crystal transformation. The complexes were characterized using FT-IR, 1H NMR and UV-visible spectroscopic techniques. The structures were further confirmed by single-crystal X-ray diffraction analysis. In addition, complexes 8 and 10 can carry out photodimerization in the liquid state at once as a result of light-sensitized and the results suggest that the substituents on the bisimidazolate having electron-donor or electron-withdrawing effect seem to affect the capabilities of photodimerization.
    顯示於類別:[化學研究所] 博碩士論文

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