|Abstract: ||認證加密演算法(Authenticated Encryption, AE)為一種網路通訊安全機制，此|
法由對稱式加密系統以及訊息認證碼(Message authentication Code, MAC)結合產
Cipher-Block-Chaining mode of operation (CBC)作為基礎設計的單回合式認證加
密演算法Double-Block-Chaining AE (DBC)，DBC 具有實作上之優勢以及在區塊
出了一個完整性檢驗機制，S-box chaining (SC)。除了具備實作容易的特性，與
密演算法，SC-CBC。;Con dentiality, integrity and authenticity are basic requirements for ensuring secure com-
munication over internet. Those requirements are separately provided by mode of operations,
such as Cipher-Block-Chaining mode of operation (CBC) and Counter mode of operation
(CTR), and message authentication code (MAC) at rst. Since the combination of mode of
operation and MAC, including Encrypt-then-MAC (EtM), MAC-then-Encrypt (MtE) and
Encrypt-and-MAC (E&M), almost doubled the computational cost, cryptographers work on
designing a more e cient scheme called \Authenticated Encryption (AE)" recently.
Over past thirty years, many di erent kinds of authenticated encryption scheme were pro-
posed. Most of them use \Check Vector (CV)" or MAC together with mode of operations to
additionally provide integrity and authenticity. Cryptographers classi ed the authenticated
encryption schemes into two categories:
First is improving the combination of mode of operation and MAC, such as \Counter-
with-CBC-MAC mode (CCM)", \Encrypt-then-Authenticate-then-Translate mode (EAX)"
and \Carter-Wegman-with-CTR mode (CWC)". Above schemes also called \Two-pass Au-
thenticated Encryption Scheme (2-pass AE)" because it needs to go through message twice.
Two-pass AE not only meet all the requirements for securing communication but also slightly
decrease the computational cost when comparing to naive methods. Currently, researchers
attempt to improve the authentication modes inside 2-pass AE algorithm to achieve better
performance. \Galois/Counter Mode of operation (GCM)" proposed by McGrew claimed
to provide a low latency and low computational cost AE scheme from implementation aspect.
Second is merging the privacy and authenticity modes into one scheme, which also called
\single-pass AE". Single-pass AE has speed advantage on providing integrity because they
applied check vector and checksum as underlying authentication mechanism, which only
require communications and simple operations. Nevertheless, some of redundancies are pre-
computable. However, there is a disadvantage that receiver must do decryption algorithm
rst, or he will not capable to check for the integrity. Such algorithm will waste computa-
tional resources if any error occurred during transmission.
In this thesis, we are going to propose two di erent kinds of authenticated encryption
scheme using concept of error-propagation. First we construct a single-pass AE which use
CBC mode as backbone, called \Double-Block-Chaining (DBC)". DBC has implementation
advantages and several special properties such as \backward decryption" and\encryption
algorithm only". In enhanced version, we design a novel approach to partially pre-check
the integrity for DBC. Nevertheless, the associated-data (AD) is also authenticated in our
Enhanced-DBC AE scheme. Second, we proposed an integrity checking mechanism, named
\S-Box chaining integrity checking mechanism(SC)". Despite its speed advantage, \S-Box
chaining" is easy to implement and after we combined it with CBC mode which turns out
an simple and e cient two-pass AE, called \S-Box Chaining CBC".