English  |  正體中文  |  简体中文  |  Items with full text/Total items : 72887/72887 (100%)
Visitors : 23144800      Online Users : 398
RC Version 7.0 © Powered By DSPACE, MIT. Enhanced by NTU Library IR team.
Scope Tips:
  • please add "double quotation mark" for query phrases to get precise results
  • please goto advance search for comprehansive author search
  • Adv. Search
    HomeLoginUploadHelpAboutAdminister Goto mobile version

    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://ir.lib.ncu.edu.tw/handle/987654321/65930

    Title: 北洋海軍現代化之檢討
    Authors: 周晏霆;Chou,Yan-ting
    Contributors: 歷史研究所
    Keywords: 北洋海軍;海軍衙門;北洋海軍章程;琅威理;甲午戰爭
    Date: 2014-07-21
    Issue Date: 2014-10-15 17:18:24 (UTC+8)
    Publisher: 國立中央大學
    Abstract: 清代晚期於列強交相入侵之際,海防漸受重視。在光緒九年(1883)~光緒十一年(1885)年的中法戰爭刺激下,清朝政府為有效整合海防相關事務,因此於戰爭結束後立即成立了中國歷史上第一個海軍部門──「海軍衙門」。其最大的意義在於將原本由地方各自推動的海防事務收歸至中央統一指揮。
      正式成軍後的北洋海軍隨即面臨了經費與訓練的問題。在「海軍衙門」的控制下,經費無法持續且有效的增加。其原因在於「海軍衙門」不僅無法爭取到更充裕的經費,為應付其他支出反而成為北洋海軍經費遭到抑制的重要原因。光緒十六年(1890)原本擔任北洋海軍總查(The Chief Inspector of the Northern Naval Squadron)一職的英籍洋員琅威理(William M. Lang, 1843~1906)因「升旗事件」最後去職,使得北洋海軍官兵無法在訓練上維持一定的水準,甚至在軍紀的維持上每況愈下,其整體作戰力走向下坡。
    ;At the time of the successive invasions by foreign powers, coast defense was progressively emphasized by the late Qing Dynasty. Due to the frustrating result of Sino-French War, lasting from the 9th year to the 11th year of the Guangxu reign (1883-1885), the Qing government promptly, after the war, set up the first Department of Navy in Chinese history-Naval Department, literally meaning “Office in charge of Affairs of Navy”-so as to effectively integrate those affairs related to coast defense. Rather than being carried out separately by the local authorities, the coast defense affairs were henceforth under concerted command of the central government.
    Articles of Association of the Northern Navy, laid down in the 14th year of the Guangxu reign (1888), has been considered a landmark when the Northern Navy was formally established. The enactment signifies that the naval development in Early Modern China was no longer limited to adopting the western weaponry, but progressed to the systematic reformation. While referring to the western naval system, the Articles of Association of the Northern Navy also preserved a partial system of the traditional Chinese navy, which served as a distinctive characteristic of transition from the old to the new.
    After formally established, the Northern Navy immediately encountered difficulties in funds and training. Under control of Naval Department, there was no continual and effective increase in funds. Not only did Naval Department fail to strive for more budgets, but it also had to deal with other expenses, which became the fundamental reason of the restraint on funds for the Northern Navy. In the 16th year of the Guangxu reign, William M. Lang, a British consultant and the original Chief Inspector of the Northern Naval Squadron, resigned because of the Flag-raising Event. The incident kept the Northern Naval officers and men from maintaining a certain standard in training, and even caused their military discipline and the general combat ability to go downhill.
    In the 19th century, Sea Chauvinism laid much stress on thalassocracy. However, the Northern Navy were short of funds to purchase new naval vessels, and neither could they replace the old gunfire. Accordingly, the man in charge, Hong Zhang Li, returned to the defense-based strategy. In Battle of Yalu River in the 20th year of the Guangxu reign (1894) and Battle of Weihaiwei in the 21st (1895), the very defensive strategy eventually doomed the Northern Navy.
    Appears in Collections:[歷史研究所] 博碩士論文

    Files in This Item:

    File Description SizeFormat

    All items in NCUIR are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved.

    社群 sharing

    ::: Copyright National Central University. | 國立中央大學圖書館版權所有 | 收藏本站 | 設為首頁 | 最佳瀏覽畫面: 1024*768 | 建站日期:8-24-2009 :::
    DSpace Software Copyright © 2002-2004  MIT &  Hewlett-Packard  /   Enhanced by   NTU Library IR team Copyright ©   - Feedback  - 隱私權政策聲明