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|Keywords: ||錢學森;周恩來;聶榮臻;東風導彈;Qian Xuesen;Zhou Enlai;Nie Rongzhen;Dongfeng missiles|
|Issue Date: ||2014-10-15 17:18:54 (UTC+8)|
;Qian Xuesen was a renowned scientist. When receiving his education in USA, he was under the guidance of Theodore von Kármánn, an outstanding expert in astronautics and aeronautics, who had given Qian Xuesen his praise. Then Qian Xuesen became the core scientist in the classified military research program on high-end weaponry, and he was also one of the makers of the preliminary development of ballistic missiles, rockets, and cruise missiles in USA.
In 1950, Qian Xuesen was suspected of joining Communist organization in USA and was consequently held in custody for half a month. Qian Xuesen’s established reputation and influence obtained through fifteen years of working in USA, was destroyed. Moreover, Qian Xuesen’s whole family was under surveillance by US intelligent agency. Qian Xuesen expressed his will of returning to China through personal channel. In 1955, USA released Qian Xuesen to trade some American pilots held hostages by People′s Republic of China in Korean War after months of bilateral talks in Geneva.
Qian Xuesen devoted himself in developing aerospace industry, and earned supports from Chinese leaders such as Mao Zedong, Zhou Enlai, and Nie Rongzhen. He led China to develop the aerospace engineering of missiles and rockets. Although it was effected by Three Red Flags and Cultural Revolution, Qian Xuesen’s insistent effort in scientific research made a pioneering contribution to the completion of Dongfeng missiles and satellite launch. China’s dream of returning to world power must credit Qian Xuesen, who was named the father of China aerospace industry and the father of China missile.
|Appears in Collections:||[歷史研究所碩士在職專班 ] 博碩士論文|
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