關鍵字：近場電紡織技術、壓電材料、奈米纖維、奈米發電機、行動穿戴裝置電源 ;This thesis mainly research on fabrication of nanogenerator, piezoelectric technology and application in electrospinning. The focus of the study is (1) Massively parallel aligned nanofibers-based nanogenerator deposited via near-field electrospinning, (2) A flexible, self-powered deformation sensor based on nanogenerator. (3) NEFS fiber-base generator for wearable and mobile electronics, we demonstrate a direct-write, in-situ poled polyvinylidene fluoride (PVDF) nanofiber arrays that could functions as a self-powered active deformation sensor. The fabricated hybrid structure of sensor/nanogenerator (NG) is realized via direct deposition of near-field electrospun nanofibers on Cu-foil electrode of thickness ~200 μm and fully encapsulated on a flexible substrate. Capable of integrating into fabric such as a moving human joints due to high flexibility and excellent conformability, the nanofiber-based device can serve as an active deformation sensor under ambient wind-speed and the feasibility of efficiently convert the flutter motion into electricity are also demonstrated. This low-cost, simple structure, high sensitivity and good environment-friendly nanofibers is a very promising material/technology as practical energy harvesting devices and self-powered sensors and capable of scavenging very small wind power or mechanical induced vibration.