|Abstract: ||嘉德納夫人(Isabella Stewart Gardner, 1840-1924)於20世紀初時建立了自己的收藏美術館，並將之開放給大眾參觀，作為少數由女性成立的捐贈人紀念館，嘉德納美術館是一個不可忽視的案例。不同於一般的公立博物館強調中立的展示，嘉德納美術館的收藏、展示及環境都是受她個人特質影響的結果。嘉德納夫人樂中於美術館創造，不論是收藏內容與展示、建築裝潢或是園藝造景，都有她獨到的理念。嘉德納美術館中的老大師收藏質量是備受肯定的，而同世代繪畫收藏是較不引人注目的分類，但是嘉德納夫人在安排這些作品時同樣付出許多心力。本文著重於嘉德納夫人的同代繪畫收藏的內容與展示，特別是出自同代畫家手下的嘉德納夫人肖像，以觀看美術館創立者的策略。|
;Isabella Stewart Gardner (1840-1924) created her own collection museum at the beginning of the 20th century, Gardner Museum is an important donor memorial museum, because it was founded by a woman, which makes it cannot be ignored. Compared to other public museums, the collections, display, and environment of Gardner Museum is completely affected by its creator. Mrs. Gardner, who enjoyed providing unique ideas about operating her museum. The quality of Old Master collections in the museum are highly applausive. On the other hand, although contemporary paintings are relatively not so striking, Mrs. Gardner paid a lot of effort in arranging these works. In order to understand the founder’s strategy of museum operation. This thesis focuses on the contents and displays of contemporary painting in Mrs. Gardner’s museum, especially the pieces of Mrs. Gardner’s portraits, depicted by contemporary painters.
The first chapter traces Mrs. Gardner’s collections and sponsorship activities, as well as her ideas in creation of the museum. This thesis divide the chapter into three aspects, for the country, for the founder, and for the viewers. Mrs. Gardner’s sponsorship of artists directly affected her contemporary collection of paintings. The second chapter examines the content and display of contemporary collections, suspect Mrs. Gardner’s motives and purposes of collecting works of art, whether mutually authentication with other collections in the museum, or by her own unique strategy. The third chapter focuses on Mrs. Gardner’s portraits, which depicted by the contemporary painters, especially Sargent and Zorn. Those portraits showed Mrs. Gardner in different styles, and we could suspect the image she wanted to appear to the public. Also, the display modes of portrait is changed with different personal image. Mrs. Gardner’s display strategy not only reinforces the meaning of the works, more importantly, she highlighted her personal presence and personality to audience, moreover, declared that she is the great founder of the museum.