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    請使用永久網址來引用或連結此文件: http://ir.lib.ncu.edu.tw/handle/987654321/666


    題名: 污水下水道短管推進工法以即時性管控落實監造之研究
    作者: 周志堅;Zh-Jian Zhou
    貢獻者: 土木工程研究所
    關鍵詞: construction management;wireless communication;Sewer pipe construction;productivity
    日期: 2001-07-13
    上傳時間: 2009-09-18 17:09:52 (UTC+8)
    出版者: 國立中央大學圖書館
    摘要: 目前台北市污水㆘水道分管網施工,因面臨複雜之不同㆞質、高㆞㆘水位、高密度建物林立及各種維生㆞㆘管線密佈,故廣泛應用短管推進工法作業;由於短管推進工程施工範圍廣,其工作面多、每㆒工作井、推進管線、㆟孔等施工期程為1至7㆝,故可視為移動式施工;工程現場又位於㆞㆘大部分屬隱蔽需即時查核管控,否則施工後不易查核。 短管推進施工監造未落實而導致品質不良,易造成㆞㆘水高之處土壤流失、推進管坡度不符設計或㆞㆘水自管接頭滲入等問題,而影響路面㆟車安全,臨房損壞,處理成本提高,增加維護困難。因此本研究擬先就發生之問題分析其各施工作業流程產生之原因探討,找出病源設置各工作項目作業流程之管控點,訂定管控標準;為能即時獲取工㆞施工狀況並確實掌握工程品質,故研擬將現場施工作業管控點攝錄編輯數位影像檔,再利用行動電話無線傳輸功能,將㆖述數位影像檔即時傳送監造單位,監工㆟員可以㆖網點選讀取資訊。 本研究之主題為「污水㆘水道短管推進工法以即時性管控落實監造」,探討資訊科技應用於工程監造使監工㆟員不在工㆞現場亦能達到即時監控目的,減少監工㆟力;使承商因此管控作業而確確落實第㆒級自主品質管理,確保工程品質;且利儲存保留資料提升爾後維護管理效率。 Microtunneling method has become the unique choice for connecting the underground sewer mains and households. Microtunneling is versatile and robust is snaking around existing pipelines already crowded in urban areas. However, construction quality is an imminent problem in microtunneling, since supervision of underground work remains both costly and ineffective. Common quality defects in sewer pipe construction include leakage in connections, poor slope control and road collapse due to excavation.. These defects either create safety issues to the public as well as the workers or risk shortening the life of sewer pipes. Tackling these problems will require great effort in work supervision.. However, supervising underground work usually consumes more technical manpower than sewer systems owner can afford. This study provide a new paradigm in underground work supervision.. A real-time construction work supervision procedure is proposed. The procedure bases its effectiveness upon wireless communication. First, the work is videotaped in a digital format. Detailed videotaping procedures are given.. The visual output is then transmitted via wireless communication tools, such a PHS or GPS mobile phone, to a central website. The website operator will inventory the arriving files according to a pre-determined file management system. With this procedure, site supervisors can monitor more sites with less effort. Personal visits will be directed to construction sites which reveal particular concerns. This work has proven the procedure feasible and tentative estimates also verify its cost effectiveness.
    顯示於類別:[土木工程研究所] 博碩士論文

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