;Hu Shin(1891-1962) was the Republic of China’s best-knownintellectual, liberal.Previous study for the characters’political opinions, is more focus on actual participation of political figures, this article look more into the intellectual perspective. Due to Hu Shin’s influence on modern China, so the writer chooses Hu Shin. Hu Shin’s original name was simen and originally wrote under Hu Hung-hsing,Later, he renamed himself Hu shin, courtesy name Shin Chih, Tian Feng , Zang Huei as his pseudonym.He was originally from Anhui Jixi Shanhuai village. During 1910-1917 he studied in the United States. After finished the school, he advocated revolution as one of the movement leaders , he had served as Ambassador to the United States during the war of resistance against japan(1938-1942); After the way ended, He came back China to be the President of Peking University(1946-1949). In his old age, He was the president of Taiwan Academia Sinica(1958-1962). Hu’s political philosophy was from Pacifism to New Pacifism he learned in America. After returning to China, he proposed“Good government”, suggesting that“Good government”, establishing the concept of liberalism, tolerance and freedom in his later years.
This article explores the political view of Hu Shi.Starts with the initial period of Yuan Shi-kai(1859-1916), Inspects the transformation of his ideas on Yuan Shikai and Revolitionary Party. After the “Second Revolution”, Yuan Shikai continued prohibition of publication and freedom of speech, he turned to sympathy for the Revolutionary party；Hu also criticized the Yuan Shikai and the implementation during the period of Yuan monarchy.By the time “Wan party” Government in power, his main criticism pour to the election manipulation of“Wan party” and “Anfu party” and conducted the political spoils.During the “Zhi party” rign, Hu Shi’s criticism on Zhi party was never stop; on the cabinet, the parliament, could not escape the “Zhi party” manipulation, this made, Hu Shi’s expectations turned into disappointment. “Provisional administration” ruling period, political changes in the postion, Hu Shi changed his mind and turned to help “northern warlord” after Hu Shi attended Duan Qi-Rui’s “reconstruction conference” with the peaceful unified perspective；But because of “the reconstruction confernce”, Hui Shi cannot stop“northern warlord” from dropping out of the battle. Hui Shi was complinety the disappointed in the “northern warlord”.Later he even had to change his stand of anti-armed forces revoiutionart, turing to support Guangzhou national Government “Northern Expedition”This article will discuss through the research on Hu Shi’political views, try to observe the history and the beginning of liberal political ideas.