;Chang Chun’s Post-war Political activity- And A Study of Chang Chun’s connection with Chiang Kai-shek （1945-1948）
This article discusses Chang Chun’s shifting political roles after World War II. Chang Chun’s political relationship with Chiang Kai-shek started from the end of Qing Dynasty and was established during the period of revolution. Chan Chun had assumed Chiang Kai-shek’s staff before the war against Japan. And Chang’s various political roles were due to different tasks assigned by Chiang. After World War II, Chang was appointed as the representative in Chongqing Negotiations, which was essentially the representative of Chiang; on the one hand, he did the best trade-offs within the framework of Chiang, on the other, he was able to obtain political gain. During the negotiations, Chang expressed firmly his standpoint frequently, and referred to that the Government had made quite a lot of concessions; through the advance and retreat skills he won many people’s compassion.
Chiang Yun-tien referred to in his memoir that Chang Chun is the most and the only capable person to compete with Chou En-lai; here it reveals to us the significance of Chang. After the Chongqing negotiations, the Nationalist government hoped to convene the Political Consultative Conference as soon as possible, but this was blocked by the conflict between Kuomintang and Chinese Communist Party （CCP） on the issue of taking over of Manchuria; as a result, the recovery of communication between KMT and CCP became actually the main issue in the preparation session for the Political Consultative Conference. During negotiations, Chan Chun played the role of a coordinator or an intermediary to become a communication channel between Chiang Kai-shek and CCP.
Here the trust in Chang Chun by Chiang can be seen though the fact that they failed to mediate a settlement. Before Chang Chun assumed the President of the Executive Yuan on April 23rd, 1947, he meditated between Democratic Socialist Party and Chinese Youth Party to facilitate a non-one-party state. Afterward, at the behest of KMT, Chang Jun-mai put forward Chang as the President of the Executive Yuan. Chan Chun was to Chiang a good facilitator; he played a big role wherever he was placed.
During Chang Chun’s administration, many measures were passed to help for Chiang against CCP. Though beset with difficulties, and facing many objections from the Government commission, he struggled against all difficulties to help Chiang. Chang Chun’s political roles shifted from an intermediary, a mediator to an executive. He carried out Chiang’s policy correctly and completely.
Key words: Chang Chun, Chiang Kai-shek, President of the Executive Yuan, Democratic Socialist Party, Chinese Youth Party