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    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://ir.lib.ncu.edu.tw/handle/987654321/67464


    Title: 以固相萃取法結合線上衍生GC-MS檢測人類尿液中酚類內分泌干擾物
    Authors: 鍾雙鴻;Chung,Shuang-Hung
    Contributors: 化學學系
    Keywords: 酚類內分泌干擾物;氣相層析質譜儀;尿液;固相萃取法;估計每日攝入量;phenolic endrocrine disrupter;GC-MS;urine;SPE;EDI
    Date: 2015-06-26
    Issue Date: 2015-07-30 18:46:13 (UTC+8)
    Publisher: 國立中央大學
    Abstract: 酚類內分泌干擾物 (endrocrine disrupters, EDs) 主要以雙酚A (Bisphenol A, BPA) 及烷基酚 (Alkylphenols, APs) 中壬基酚 (4-Nonylpheols, 4-NPs) 及辛基酚 (4-t-Octylphenol, 4-t-OP) 最為常見。烷基酚前驅物中烷基酚聚乙氧基醇纇 (Alkylphenol polyethoxylates, APnEOs) 及雙酚 A 廣泛應用於家庭及工業產品,於使用後經降解釋放至環境中。人體藉由攝取及接觸而遭受暴露,且已被證實干擾生物體的內分泌系統。故針對人類尿液進行暴露之研究。
      本研究使用固相萃取法 (Solid Phase Extraction,簡稱SPE) 搭配線上 (on-line) 衍生GC-MS 檢測尿液中酚類內分泌干擾物,並利用實驗統計設計及變異數分析做最佳化的探討。最佳化實驗步驟為1 mL尿液經由酵素水解後,使用Agilent bond Elut PH固相吸附材料50 mg、流速0.5 mL/min、以2 mL 10 %甲醇 (水) 清洗及以1 mL 30 % 二氯甲烷 (異丙醇) 沖提後,吹氮回溶並添加10 mM TBA-OH衍生化試劑利用線上衍生裝置導入GC注射埠中,以250 oC及4 min進行衍生。
      本實驗4-t-OP、4-NPs及BPA線性範圍0.3、0.5及0.1-100 ng/mL,回歸係數皆高於0.9998,偵測極限 (LOD) 範圍0.02-0.1 ng/mL間,精密度 (precision) 以相對標準差 (RSD) 表示,皆小於15 %,準確度 (accuracy) 以回收率表示,在76至109 %間,顯示此方法穩定且具有良好的再現性。在尿液檢驗上成功檢測173組樣本,檢測出尿液總濃度介於未檢出 (n.d) 至19.4 ng/mL (mean 4.7 ng/mL),檢出率達60 %以上,估算人體每日暴露量 (estimated daily intakes, EDI) 為5.1-559.4 ng/kg-bw/day (mean 140.1 ng/kg-bw/day) 其中又以年齡層30-39歲暴露較為嚴重。
    ;The most common phenolic endocrine disruptors (EDs) are bisphenol A (BPA), 4-nonylphenols (4-NPs) and 4-t-octylphenol (4-t-OP). A precursor of alkylphenols and bisphenol A is widely used in household and industrial products. Because the use of these products release phenolic EDs into the environment, the human body could be exposed to phenolic EDs, usually via ingestion of contaminated food.
    In this study, a solid-phase extraction (SPE) method coupled with on-line derivatization and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) was developed and was able to detect phenolic EDs in urine. For optimal, the best experiment conditions were: after hydrolysis of the urine sample and elution with 3:7 dichloromethane/ isopropanol for SPE (Agilent bond Elut PH 50 mg, 1mL), the eluent was dried under nitrogen and reconstituted with TBA-OH to derivatize the analytes. The derivatized sample was analyzed by GC/MS.
    In this study, the linearity of three analytes (4-t-OP, 4-NPs and BPA) ranged 0.3, 0.5 and 0.1 to 100 ng/mL, respectively. The regression coefficients (r2) exceeded 0.995, and the limit of detection (LOD) ranged from 0.02 to 0.1 ng/mL. The method had good accuracy (recovery 76 - 109 %) and precision (RSD < 15 %). Successfully detected analytes in 173 samples in human urine. The maximum amount detected in the real samples was 19.4 ng/mL (mean value 4.7 ng/mL). The detection rate exceeded 60 %. The estimated daily intakes ranged from 5.1 to 559.4 ng/kg-bw/day and the exposure to phenolic EDs were more significant between age 30-39.
    Appears in Collections:[化學研究所] 博碩士論文

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