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|Title: ||柯勒律治詩作研究：愛的概念體現;A Study of the Concept of Love in Coleridge′s Poetry|
|Keywords: ||自我;愛;自然之愛;家之愛;全人類之愛;上帝之愛 / 神恩;the self;love;love for nature;love for home;love for mankind;love of God / divine blessing|
|Issue Date: ||2015-07-30 20:07:24 (UTC+8)|
|Abstract: ||本論文旨在研究柯勒律治 (S. T. Coleridge, 1772-1834) 詩作中愛的體現，同時也觸及柯勒律治如何透過描繪與自然、他人的關係，重建內在自我的安適感 (the wellbeing of the self)。童年的家無法提供安定力量，造成不可抹滅的影響，使柯勒律治終其一生無法擺脫如影隨形的孤立感；但也正因如此，更凸顯他那些與愛相關的詩作意義非凡，因為他的字句之中透露出他如何致力於在內在自我的安適感，與他人的關係之間取得平衡。|
孤立危機促使柯勒律治將自我的安適感視為建構與他人及外在關係的前提。本論文第一章提到柯勒律治在詩作中，將愛定義為自我與他人之間的和諧關係，顯示出他認為愛意味的不是自我消滅，而是相互關係。第二章從個人經驗解讀柯勒律治詩中的自然之愛 (love for nature)，並指出只有在獨處的自在狀態下，才能發現自然中所展現的神恩 (divine blessings)。第三章探討在現實生活中與家人的緊繃關係造成柯勒律治在詩中慣以代理自我 (surrogate self) 表達家之愛 (love for home)。第四章則論述柯勒律治詩作中的全人類之愛 (love for mankind)。對法國大革命的幻滅造就柯勒律治在表現全人類之愛 (love for mankind) 時刻意的去法國化 (de-Francization) ，並將全人類之愛與家鄉之愛 (love for homeland) 連結。除了家鄉之愛外，上帝之愛 (love of God) 也是他的全人類之愛裡不可或缺的元素。柯勒律治的詩中提到，對人類處境的關心有時會打亂他內在自我的平靜。此時，位於家鄉某處的「隱遁之谷」(valley of seclusion) 讓他得以休養生息，並再次蓄足為人群付出的能量。
綜述結論，第五章主張柯勒律治試圖透過在詩中再現一個人間天堂 (earthly paradise) 以克服孤立危機和法國大革命失敗帶給他的幻滅感。在這個充滿愛的人間天堂裡，內在的自我安適感和他的全人類之愛，在上帝之愛的基礎下得以調和、共存。
;This thesis is a study of Coleridge’s poems about love, but it is also a study about how Coleridge tried to restore the wellbeing of his inner self through portraying relationships with nature and other people in his poetry. The fact that his home failed to be a stabilizing force in his childhood had a profound impact on his psychological make-up. He suffered from a persistent sense of alienation throughout his life. Thus, taking Coleridge’s personal experiences into consideration, we can see that his poetry about love is especially meaningful, because it illuminates how he strived to reconcile the wellbeing of his inner self with others.
The crisis of being alienated encouraged Coleridge to think of the wellbeing of the self the premise of relationships with other people as well as the outer world. In Chapter I, it is indicated that love in Coleridge’s poetry is represented by the harmonious relationship between the self and others. Defining love in this way shows that love in his conception does not suggest the annihilation of the self but mutual relationships. Chapter II follows the same line of thought and argues that love for nature in Coleridge’s poetry is a personal experience in which the self plays a crucial role. Divine blessings in nature are accessible only when the self is in solitude, a self-contented state. Chapter III takes a leap into deciphering love for one’s home in Coleridge’s poetry. Distressful relationships with his family sheds light on why Coleridge adopts “a surrogate self” to show his love for his family rather than through direct utterances.
Chapter IV clarifies how Coleridge’s disillusionment with the French Revolution influences the way that love for mankind is demonstrated in his poetry. “De-Francization” and love for one’s homeland are noticeable in his poems about love for mankind after his disillusionment. As it proves unfeasible to pursue love for mankind through political means, love of God becomes significant in Coleridge’s poems about love for mankind. Love of God is regarded as the home to all kinds of love in his poetry. The concern for mankind, however, sometimes disturbs the peace of the poet’s inner self. In this case, a “valley of seclusion” in his homeland is his spiritual retreat. There, blessedness of nature is beneficial to the restoration of his inner self’s wellbeing and allows him to concentrate on the thoughts for mankind again. As a conclusion, Chapter V points out that Coleridge tried to survive his disillusionment with the Revolution and his crisis of being alienated by reconstructing an earthly paradise in his poetry. In this earthly paradise, a reconciliation between the wellbeing of his inner self and his love for mankind is attainable, for the self’s harmonious relationships with nature and people can always be sanctified by God’s love and blessing.
|Appears in Collections:||[英美語文研究所 ] 博碩士論文|
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