;After the Chinese Communist Party（CCP） established the government, Mao Zedong led the first large-scale public political campaign to fight illegal acts of the bourgeoisie and to consolidate the People’s Democratic Dictatorship in 1952.
Mao showed critical influences on strategic leadership. He specifically stipulated the fundamental purpose of this campaign as to defeat the savage aggression of the bourgeoisie and fight off all the acts of the illegal capitalists, such as bribery, tax evasion, embezzling of state property, cheating on government contracts, stealing of state financial information, etc. Mao defined the objects to fight against and implemented political wrestling policies against them; that was the united legal bourgeoisie versus the illegal bourgeoisie. While the campaign underwent, Mao employed the strategies of "utilize contradictions, implement differentiation, unite with the great majority and isolate the few." He held fast to his principles, employed the policies and strategies with agility, regulated the campaign accordingly, while insisted on implementing political struggles and developing the finance concurrently. As a result, he not only subverted "five evil" acts, also unite the bourgeoisie to enhance the productivity, revive nationwide economy and successfully realized the purpose of the "Five-anti" campaign.
The "Five-anti" campaign defeated the aggression of the bourgeoisie, strengthened the leadership of the state-owned economy, and formed the basis in terms of politics and economy for the socialism. In the meantime, this campaign changed the culture thoroughly as a social reform campaign. For the sake of it, the decadent ideology of the bourgeoisie was rooted out, and the good social values were established.