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    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://ir.lib.ncu.edu.tw/handle/987654321/67954


    Title: 人力精簡對組織績效之影響:以人力資本為中介;Effect of Employee Downsizing on firm Performance: The Mediating Effect of Human Capital
    Authors: 林映彤;Lin,Ying-tung
    Contributors: 人力資源管理研究所
    Keywords: 人力精簡;組織績效;人力資本;employee downsizing;firm performance;human capital
    Date: 2015-07-21
    Issue Date: 2015-09-23 10:05:28 (UTC+8)
    Publisher: 國立中央大學
    Abstract: 人力精簡是企業面對經營困境時,經常使用的管理方法之一,其成效如何眾說紛紜。本研究以台灣上市公司為研究對象,探討人力精簡對台灣企業績效的影響,並以人力資本為中介變項,檢視人力資本對企業人力精簡與企業績效是否具中介效果。資料來源為2010 年至2012 年的台灣經濟新報,採用縱橫資料與多元迴歸分析進行假說的檢驗。
    研究結果顯示,台灣企業進行人力精簡對績效及人力資本皆有負向影響。人力資本對ROA 有正向影響,然而卻對Tobin’s Q 有負向影響。金融危機後,與研發密集度低的產業相比,研發密集度高的產業,人力精簡對績效有負向影響;而資本密集度低的產業與資本密集度高的產業相比,資本密集度高的產業進行人力精簡對企業績效有負向影響。
    本研究的分析結果,可以作為台灣企業執行人力精簡政策時的參考依據。
    關鍵字:人力精簡、企業績效、人力資本;While facing difficulties, companies often tend to take downsizing as a business
    strategy to improve operating performance. However, according to the findings of
    downsizing, the relationship of workforce reduction on firm performance is
    controversial. To explore the relationship between downsizing and firm performance,
    this research studies all the Taiwan companies, which can be found in Taiwan
    Economic Journal. Furthermore, we take human capital as mediating variable to
    examine whether the mediating effect of human capital exists. The study focuses on
    testing whether the mediating effect of human capital is more obvious after financial
    crisis in 2008. We use panel data and multiple regression analysis to test four
    hypotheses.
    The result of the analysis shows that downsizing in Taiwan have negative effect
    on firm performance and human capital. Human capital has positive effect on ROA,
    however, it’s negatively related to Tobin’s Q. After the financial crisis, industries with
    higher R&D intensity is negatively related to firm performance compare to those with
    lower R&D intensity industries. As for capital intensity industries, they also have negative effect on firm performance compare to those with lower capital intensity
    firms.
    The analysis result of this research can be a reference when companies want to
    take downsizing as their human resource policies.
    Keywords: employee downsizing, firm performance, human capital
    Appears in Collections:[人力資源管理研究所] 博碩士論文

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