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    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://ir.lib.ncu.edu.tw/handle/987654321/68069

    Title: 漢賦四大家大賦之成熟與衰退
    Authors: 郭明真;chen,kuo ming
    Contributors: 中國文學系在職專班
    Keywords: 漢賦四大家;漢大賦;寫作技巧;諷喻精神
    Date: 2015-07-01
    Issue Date: 2015-09-23 10:24:16 (UTC+8)
    Publisher: 國立中央大學
    Abstract: 司馬相如、揚雄、班固、張衡後世稱這四人為「漢賦四大家」,此四人的大賦可視為漢大賦演變的過程。本文先針對這四大家的十篇大賦-〈子虛賦〉、〈上林賦〉、〈甘泉賦〉、〈河東賦〉、〈羽獵賦〉、〈長楊賦〉、〈西都賦〉、〈東都賦〉、〈西京賦〉、〈東京賦〉,逐一分析其創作動機、結構布局、修辭手法、時空安排、遣詞造句這五大面向,下文將藉著這五大面向的分析,試著探究出這十篇大賦經過時間流逝,其寫作手法和諷喻精神變化情形。
    Simaxiangru, Yang Xiong, Bangu, Zhang Heng later called the four as "Han Fu four people", this can be regarded as large fu of Han Dynasty process of evolution. This article first for all of ten large fu of Han Dynasty - , , , , , ,, , , , one by one analysis of theys creative motivation, structure and layout, rhetorical, time and space writing style.We can through the analysis the five-oriented, try to explore out of the evolve of writing style and sarcastic spirit after the passage of time.

    After the previous works for ten articles analyzed to derive the ten large fu have part of their writing skills analog predecessors, such as the questions and answers of host and guest, a list of objects noun, hunting elaborate description, performance space operandi; but there are also its innovation place, such as the subject matter is more rich and delicate, sarcastic approach more diverse, more Parallelism sentence, true content increases, etc. In short, the large fu of Han Dynasty through the hands of four people on the content of the subject matter better pluralism, and the text words tend to be more neat and beautiful. Overall, progress on writing skills is progressive, it showed a positive growth trend.

    Finally, explore the sarcastic spirit of this ten large fu of Han Dynasty. Before exploring these ten Fu, you must understand at first why people regarded sarcastic spirit of large Fu as aesthetic standards, the research results tell us three factors that the ten large Fu contain sarcastic spirit: first, from the " The book of odes and hymns." From Liu Xie and Bangu’s reaserch, Fu is derived from the " The book of odes and hymns ",so Fu is expected to have sarcastic spirit such as " The book of odes and hymns " .,second,Fu is affected by strategists. Whether ancient Bangu, or modern Liu Shipei and Zhang Xuecheng pointed out Fu and strategists have some origins, and there are many Fu writer of Han Dynasty who are also the officer′s,so Fu also have sarcastic spirit that strategists have ; and third, the emperor acquiescence sarcastic spirit . Because the emperor acquiesced Fu have sarcastic spirit intention, it iencourage writers to continue to do this.Because under the interaction of these three factors, people tend to look Fu with sarcastic spirit.

    After research the factors that make Fu of Han Dynasty have sarcastic spirit, I will compared "Han Fu four people’s" difference of the sarcastic spirit with the Standard that have sarcastic spirit in article and contain expected for their country. After analysis and comparison, Simaxiangru’s sarcastic spirit is most consistent with " The book of odes and hymns.", second-class is Yang Xiong, because he have lower expectations for his country , it is a strong sense of irony, so the sarcastic spirit is not as good as Simaxiangru. Finally Bangu and Zhang Heng’s sarcastic spirit are most lowest , because there is no irony for their country, so their sarcastic spirit is not as good as Yang Xiong. So the conclusion is "Han Fu four people’s" sarcastic spirit that from Simaxiangru to Zhang Heng appear a negative growth phenomenon.
    Appears in Collections:[中國文學系碩士在職專班] 博碩士論文

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