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    题名: 具手徵性之三維光子晶體特性分析與應用
    作者: 張學而;Zhang,Xue-Er
    贡献者: 光電科學與工程學系
    关键词: 光子晶體;手徵超材料;嚴格耦合波分析法;向量波平面波展開法;Photonic Crystal;Chiral Metamaterial;Rigorous Coupled-Wave Analysis;Vector-Wave Plane Wave Expansion Method
    日期: 2015-07-01
    上传时间: 2015-09-23 11:13:57 (UTC+8)
    出版者: 國立中央大學
    摘要: 本論文主要討論三維介電質光子晶體,並希望藉由適當的形狀設計來得到具有手徵性質的光子晶體,以介電質取代金屬來克服一般手徵超材料的缺點。在本論文中設計了三種形狀的光子晶體柱並且以兩個方面討論它們的特性,第一個方面是以平面波展開法來計算光子晶體的頻帶結構,並且檢視本徵模態的場向量是否具有圓偏振的特徵來驗證光子晶體的手徵性。我們也發展了一套方法來對模態分類,最後我們取頻帶結構中的前兩個頻帶來計算出其等效手徵參數。

    第二個方面我們將光子晶體做成有限厚度平板並以線偏振平面波正向入射,以RCWA (Rigorous Coupled-Wave Analysis)方法計算此平面波通過平板後的偏振態與原先偏振態的夾角以分析光子晶體作為偏振旋轉器的效果,並且我們也發現特定頻率的光會產生leaky guided resonance,這種共振會增強光子晶體的圓二色性進而使得在該頻率的偏振旋轉角度會特別大。
    ;This thesis concerns the effective chirality of some three-dimensional dielectric photonic crystals consisting of two-dimensional-periodically arranged twisted rods. Through properly choosing the dielectric rod’s shape in a 2D unit cell, we can obtain a photonic crystal with nonzero chirality, overcoming the disadvantage of absorption of the chiral metamaterial consisting of metallic elements.

    In our work we design three different types of photonic crystal and discuss their properties in two aspects. The first is calculating their band structures using the plane wave expansion method and check if their field vectors have the feature of circular polarization to confirm their chirality. We also developed a way to classify these propagating modes, and extracted the effective chirality parameters for the first two bands in the band structure.

    In another aspect, we consider a photonic crystal slab with finite thickness and being illuminated by a normally incident linearly polarized plane EM wave, and use the RCWA (Rigorous Coupled-Wave Analysis) method to calculate the field distribution. We then compare the polarization states of the outgoing wave with the incident wave and analyze the effectiveness of the photonic crystal slab as a polarization rotator. We also found that at certain frequencies there occur resonances called leaky guided resonances. Such resonances enhance the circular dichroism of the photonic crystal slab, result in large polarization rotation angles.
    显示于类别:[光電科學研究所] 博碩士論文

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