|Abstract: ||摘 要|
Remedial Instruction is based on the principles of Educational Justice. The policy is made by the government to ensure that those disadvantaged students with low learning achievement can be assisted to possess basic learning ability. In the current Twelve-Year Public Education Program, Remedial Instruction is an important sub-program in the aspect of curriculum and instruction.
The purpose of this study is to investigate the implementation case of Remedial Instruction in Taoyuan City junior high schools and to observe its effectiveness and weakness. Moreover, based on the information available either from literature references or interviews, the researcher intended to devise improved teaching approaches of Remedial Instruction.
The research methods of this study were qualitative and quantitative, and the main research methods of this study were in-depth interviews and participant observation. There were a total of 16 interviewees, including government administrators, school administrators, teaching staff, experts and scholars. Four public junior high schools agreed to be observed. The secondary research methods of this study were anynomous questionnaires for students and descriptive statistics.
According to the findings of this study, most schools managed to implement “Remedial Instruction Program”, and the program did help students in learning. However, the following aspects were needed to be improved：teacher training and recruitment, innovative teaching methods, the ”Public-Private Partnerships” between schools and community/company/ non-profit organizations , and the special needs of schools in remote areas.
Therefore, this study suggested that government′s education administrators, school administrators, teaching staff, and researchers interested in the future of Remedial Instruction, can apply teacher training and employment, conduct in alternative remedial instruction style, think of special needs of remote schools, communication or cooperation with students’ parents or community groups, use innovative teaching methods such as“Group Cooperative Learning ”or “Digital Technology Aided Teaching”, enhance the original class teachers and remedial teaching teachers’ communication, and strengthen to discuss the links between "Remedial instruction" and "Adaptive Talent Development."