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    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://ir.lib.ncu.edu.tw/handle/987654321/68444


    Title: 客庄地區土地徵收與區域規劃之研究;The Study on Land expropriation and Regional planning in the Hakka village -Case Studies of Erchongpu Hakka Agriculture Recreational District
    Authors: 范庭華;Fan,Ting-Hua
    Contributors: 客家政治經濟研究所
    Keywords: 區域發展;都市計畫;土地徵收;客家農業休閒專用區;休閒農業;Regional Development;Urban Planning;Land Expropriation;Hakka Agriculture Recreational District;Leisure Agriculture
    Date: 2015-07-28
    Issue Date: 2015-09-23 11:35:43 (UTC+8)
    Publisher: 國立中央大學
    Abstract: 新竹二重埔是傳統的客家農庄,長期保有客家農村的特殊人文與景觀。近年來隨著中央與地方政府推動各項區域發展計畫,經由都市計畫的擴大,進行土地徵收,明顯已對二重埔客家聚落產生衝擊;以本文所要探討的二重埔客家農業休閒專用區為例,是台灣眾多農地徵收案中,歷時最長,自1981年起新竹科學園區三期用地開始徵收,徵收時間超過30年,經歷一連串抗爭與爭取,最後於2008年獲得內政部核准,保留客家農庄、農業與老伙房,並規劃成為客家休閒農業專業區。
    在抗爭之後,面對失而復得的家園,二重埔地區,所面臨的挑戰還在繼續發酵,當地人對於經濟發展與文化保存之間,想法上各方意見歧異,在社會公益與土地正義的角度下該如何解決與如何取捨也是本文關懷所在;由於人與土地的關係向來是客家文化深繫之所在,所以本文透過文獻分析與次級資料分析來探討當地居民對土地徵收的看法還有抗徵所面臨挑戰。
    本研究發現農業文化、客家文化和土地生活記憶讓二重埔在眾多徵收案中,爭取成為第一個被劃設「客家農業休閒專用區」的地區,從此居民積極發展客家休閒農業,將傳統農業經營型態轉型,改以體驗行銷方式發揚二重埔地區農業。表面上二重埔是在法制體系下爭取權益的勝利,卻因為限建與「客家農業休閒專用區」法令尚未通過,導致公部門資源無法進入,執行受阻,能發揮的實質效益有限。
    本研究因此建議政府部門,首先應先解除限建與土地使用的管制,讓後端所有的社會資源、發展計畫與農業補助辦法進入「客家農業休閒專用區」,讓當地居民與政府單位去做結合,才能落實「客家農業休閒專用區」的發展。
    ;As a traditional Hakka village, for many years Erchongpu in Hsinchu has maintained the unique cultural activities and local landscape of countryside .In recent years, followers of various regional development plans initiated by Central and Local Governments, the expansion of urban planning and land expropriation, it is obvious that the local culture and customs of Erchongpu Hakka cluster have been impacted as a result. In this paper is to explore the case study of Erchongpu Hakka agriculture recreational district. This case is about of many case of agricultural land expropriation, is the longest in Taiwan. Since 1981, Hsinchu Science Park has began to land expropriated more than 30 years. Through a series of protest and struggle, finally get approval of the Ministry of Interior, which Included reserved Hakka village, agriculture and old house, and it is planned to become a specialized area of Hakka agriculture recreational, in 2008.
    After the protest, the regain their homes have faced with the challenge, which is continuing to ferment. The idea of locals, whose have divergent views on economic development and cultural preservation, how to solve and how to choose the terms of social welfare and justice under the land ,which cause of it has been concerned by many, it is a subject studied in this paper. Because of the relationship between people and land has always been the core of Hakka culture, for the reason that, this thesis through literature analysis and secondary data analysis to explore the idea of local residents for land acquisition and that challenges faced with protests.
    This study disclosed that agricultural culture, Hakka culture and land life memories, which let Erchongpu in many cases of land expropriation, striving to become the first to be designation of "Hakka agricultural leisure precincts" of the region. Since then, Local residents positive development the Hakka leisure agriculture, they transformation of traditional agricultural, management patterns, experiential marketing mode changed to carry Erchongpu agriculture. But because of the limits of construction and " Hakka agriculture recreational district " decree has not been adopted, leading to public-sector resources cannot enter, execute blocked, actually capable of functioning is limited.
    This study suggests that the government should first lift restrictions on construction and land-use regulation, and allow all social resources, development plans and Agriculture Subsidies enter ′Hakka agriculture recreational district. "Make sure that local residents and government units do combined to implement the " Hakka agriculture recreational district " of development.
    Appears in Collections:[客家政治經濟研究所 ] 博碩士論文

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