;As a traditional Hakka village, for many years Erchongpu in Hsinchu has maintained the unique cultural activities and local landscape of countryside .In recent years, followers of various regional development plans initiated by Central and Local Governments, the expansion of urban planning and land expropriation, it is obvious that the local culture and customs of Erchongpu Hakka cluster have been impacted as a result. In this paper is to explore the case study of Erchongpu Hakka agriculture recreational district. This case is about of many case of agricultural land expropriation, is the longest in Taiwan. Since 1981, Hsinchu Science Park has began to land expropriated more than 30 years. Through a series of protest and struggle, finally get approval of the Ministry of Interior, which Included reserved Hakka village, agriculture and old house, and it is planned to become a specialized area of Hakka agriculture recreational, in 2008.
After the protest, the regain their homes have faced with the challenge, which is continuing to ferment. The idea of locals, whose have divergent views on economic development and cultural preservation, how to solve and how to choose the terms of social welfare and justice under the land ,which cause of it has been concerned by many, it is a subject studied in this paper. Because of the relationship between people and land has always been the core of Hakka culture, for the reason that, this thesis through literature analysis and secondary data analysis to explore the idea of local residents for land acquisition and that challenges faced with protests.
This study disclosed that agricultural culture, Hakka culture and land life memories, which let Erchongpu in many cases of land expropriation, striving to become the first to be designation of "Hakka agricultural leisure precincts" of the region. Since then, Local residents positive development the Hakka leisure agriculture, they transformation of traditional agricultural, management patterns, experiential marketing mode changed to carry Erchongpu agriculture. But because of the limits of construction and " Hakka agriculture recreational district " decree has not been adopted, leading to public-sector resources cannot enter, execute blocked, actually capable of functioning is limited.
This study suggests that the government should first lift restrictions on construction and land-use regulation, and allow all social resources, development plans and Agriculture Subsidies enter ′Hakka agriculture recreational district. "Make sure that local residents and government units do combined to implement the " Hakka agriculture recreational district " of development.