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    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://ir.lib.ncu.edu.tw/handle/987654321/6865


    Title: 雙光柵光調制器之設計研究Design;of Micromachined Modulator Using Dual Grating
    Authors: 蔡振宏;Chen-Hung Tsai
    Contributors: 光電科學研究所
    Keywords: 光纖通訊;光開關;雙光柵;光調制器;fiber;dual grating;optical switch;modulator
    Date: 2006-06-30
    Issue Date: 2009-09-22 10:30:37 (UTC+8)
    Publisher: 國立中央大學圖書館
    Abstract: 本篇論文主要工作為可調式雙光柵元件之設計、製作及量測。在 設計方面吾人以傅式光學和商業軟體G-solver 來分析設計分析可調 式雙光柵元件。吾人設計了兩種可調式雙光柵元件,一為以相同週期 相同相位厚度的矽光柵所組成Type A 雙光柵,可做為可調式光衰減 器,可調制零階範圍由48.52%調制到0.08%;二為以一週期和相位 厚度皆另一光柵之半所組成Type B 雙光柵,為設計的1 x 2 光開關可 將光強由正一階切換到負一階或反之,及效率由31.43%降低到 3.66%。並提出了一種利用雙光柵改變共振模態來做為1310nm 和 1550nm 的波長切換器的構想。 在製作方面, 吾人以半導體製程和微機電製程技術製作平面式 矽光柵和雙光柵光調制器,分別進行量測雙光柵光調制器之光學效果 和梳狀致動器致動特性。在量測上,吾人將兩組平面式矽光柵組合雙 光柵元件,可得Type A 雙光柵零階繞射光調制範圍為20.4%衰減到 1.4%;Type B 雙光柵正負一階繞射切換強度為19.1%衰減到1.4%, 量測結果顯示Type A、Type B 之光調制效果之趨勢與模擬結果相同。 此外,在梳狀致動器驅動效果的量測方面,吾人以電壓驅動梳狀致動 器測試,當外加直流偏壓130V 可驅動雙光柵光調制器約16μm,驗 證了雙光柵光調制器結構設計的可行性。Design, fabrication and measurement of variable dual grating will be showed in this paper. In design, we analyze dual grating element by Fourier Optics and G-solver 4.20. We suppose two types of dual grating; Type A is forming by a 0.5 grating with a period Λ and π phase depth, the other is same. Type A can be used for variable optical attenuator, which dynamic range is from 48.52% to 0.08%. Type B is forming by a 0.5 grating with period Λ and π phase depth, the other is another 0.5 grating with half the period Λ/2 and π/2 phase depth. Type B can be used for optical switch by +1 order and -1 order, which the intensity can be modulated from 31.43% to 3.66%. And we suppose a resonant-type dual grating and it can be used for switch of 1550nm and 1310nm. In fabrication, we use semiconductor technology and MEMS technology to fabricate silicon grating and dual grating modulator. In measurement, we use silicon grating to simulate dual grating. Dynamic range of Type A modulate from 19.4% to 1.4%. Type B can be switched from 19.1% to 1.4%. The result of measurement show the change same simulation. In moving of dual grating modulator, comb drive is moving 16μm with 130V. The design of dual grating is proved that it can work.
    Appears in Collections:[光電科學研究所] 博碩士論文

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