In this paper, the documents of Spanish Formosa, Dutch Formosa and Qing Dynasty, and the dictated information by Ino Yoshiminori, etc., to discuss the LiZu She group living around middle and lower sections of Neigang North River(now, it is the so-called Keelung River) during the Qing Dynasty, when facing the socio-economic shock of foreign governments and Chinese immigrants. On the one hand, explain what LiZu She group is, on the other hand, explore the reasons for the formation of the group, traditional lifestyle, living areas and ways to respond in the face of foreign forces.
Overall, during the Spanish Formosa and Dutch Formosa period, LiZu She group changed not much in their lifestyle and sphere of influence. But the Qing’s governance policies and the influx of Chinese immigrants changing the LiZu She group’s socio-economic life and became disadvantaged gradually. Including its internal relations and concepts of land, religion, and even cultural customs. In addition, their beliefs also affect Hans’ immigrants’ faith.
But in the initial Japanese Rule Period, substantially, LiZu She group still remain part of the traditional diet, dress, drink culture, and early and late, two seasons of ancestral-spirit worshiping ceremony. In other words, LiZu She group didn’t entirely renounced their natural lifestyle when facing foreign governments and advantaged Chinese immigrants, but still maintain their seif-identity in response to cross-cutural adaptation process.
Key word：Neigang North River, LiZu She group,governance policies,ethnic identity