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|Keywords: ||《牡丹亭》;杜麗娘;道德;情慾衝動;歇斯底里症;The Peony Pavilion;Du Liniang;Mortality;Libido;Hysteria|
|Issue Date: ||2016-03-17 18:04:03 (UTC+8)|
;The Peony Pavilion is the best of Tang Xianzu’s works, and the treasure of Ming drama as well. The most conspicuous figure is the protagonist Du Liniang, Du Liniang’s image has struck a responsive chord in the hearts of its readers from past to the present, especially the female readers. It is not a new story of the revival, what we concerned is the psychology of Du after she had the erotic dream. According to the famous psychologist Havelock Ellis and psychoanalyst Sigmund Freud, with the time of physical growth, youths would realize their physiological needs: sexual desire. However this kind of behavior would not get a smooth going, by the restrictions of religion and morality, etc. Du Liniang was in her age of adolescence, the experience of the book of songs and the spring scenery was facilitating her awakening of lust. But in China, especially the traditional China, there is a set of strict moral code to limit the behavior of females, even their thoughts. And the most significant traditional ethic to the girls is chastity. So, for Du Liniang the awaken of lust meant the begin of repression at the same time. Sigmund Freud defined this kind of sexual desire as libido, the sexual desire belongs to subconscious. Once libido has no way to be satisfied, psychological disease would occur.
The conflict between libido and morality is what Du Liniang wants to do with her body against what she has to do. The psychological disease about sex is an personal secret that is shamed to tell others, including relatives and friends. The regular treatment would meet with kinds of obstacles, and the main one is the psychological obstacle of the patient.
It still be a serious problem in nowadays, especially among teenagers. This thesis is discussing the case of Du Liniang, and attempting to expose the sex puzzle of youths and the deficiency of sex education for teenagers through the analysis of Du’s sex psychology.
|Appears in Collections:||[中國文學研究所] 博碩士論文|
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