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    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://ir.lib.ncu.edu.tw/handle/987654321/69337


    Title: 王安憶小說性描寫的心理分析──以《三戀》、〈崗上的世紀〉為研究
    Authors: 周詠翎;Chou,Yung-ling
    Contributors: 中國文學系
    Keywords: 王安憶;心理學;崗上的世紀;三戀;防衛機轉;生死本能
    Date: 2016-01-25
    Issue Date: 2016-03-17 18:11:45 (UTC+8)
    Publisher: 國立中央大學
    Abstract: 本文所聚焦的焦點,乃透過大陸女知青作家王安憶在1980年代所撰寫的《崗上的世紀》與《三戀》,以上述四個故事為文本運用心理學之理論為基礎,主要討論《崗上的世紀》佐以《三戀》,試圖嘗試以全新的角度去看待男女之間的情慾與性行為背後的心理。首先討論臺灣與中國大陸對上述四個文本的研究,連接起文學與心理學的重疊之處,再以心理學大師佛洛伊德的精神分析學派做為分析工具,本文希冀能爬梳王安憶文本中所呈現男女性描寫的心理狀況。
    正文的論述分為三個部分,深入討論王安憶書中男女主角在當時的國家政策走向下為了求生存,所做出的性行為背後內心的轉折。可分為:一、上山下鄉的時代背景:從領導人的政治策略如何去影響王安憶的人生,讓王安憶創造出書中主角鮮活的個性與心理。二、王安憶知青小說性描寫的心理探索:從佛洛伊德所發現的性慾力和本我、自我、超我來談,分析男女主角內心生死本能的互相拉扯與人格結構的互相矛盾,瞭解性行為的背後是怎麼樣的心理動力在運作。當男女主角走在人生的分岔路時,內心的焦慮如何靠適當的防衛機轉來化解。三、討論《崗上的世紀》性的意涵同時以《三戀》為輔:不只是談男女情慾,更想探討的是男歡女愛的同時權力結構的運作,兩性關係裡的主從地位,女性如何以自身的智慧化解扭轉不平等的狀態,掙脫父權制度所給予女性身上的枷鎖。
    本文有兩個研究目的,一是藉由四個文本所呈現的性行為討論男女主角內心的心理轉折過程。二是針對王安憶最具代表性的作品做更深入的研究,希望能站在前人的肩膀上,找到更多尚未被切入的角度帶來更多不同的解讀。
    ;The thesis focuses on “three loves’’ and “the century on the mountain’’ the books authored by Wang An-Yi known as educated youth writer. Use psychological theories as tools to analyze the four stories above, manly “the century on the mountain’’ and then “three loves”. Try to find a new point of view to unveil the psychology behind the lusts and sexual behaviors. Firstly compare with the studies in mainland China and in Taiwan, connecting the overlaps of literature and psychology and then exert, the master of psychology, Freud’s psychoanalysis to analyze. The attempt of this article is to comb the states of mind of the men and women described in Wang An-Yi’s novels.

    The main text has three parts, deeply discussing the transitions in leading male’s and female’s innermost world when making sex at the time of the special national policy in Wang An-Yi’s books. First part: is about the historical background of going and working in the countryside policy. How does the policy strategy of leader affect Wang An-Yi’s life and make Wang An-Yi to create the vivid individualities and minds of characters in her books. Second part: Psychological exploration of sexual description in Wang An-Yi’s educated youth books. From the views of the id, ego and superego, discovered by Freud, to analyze the tussles of the life and death instincts in the leading male’s and female’s minds and the contradictions of personality structures. Also comprehend the process of psychological power behind the sexual behaviors. And what the appropriate defense mechanism is to deal with the anxieties in heart when the leading male and female walking on the road of diversion point of life. Third part, discuss the implications of sex in “the century on the mountain’’ and “three loves’’. Not only just talk about the lusts of man and woman but more deeply investigate the authority structure in sexual intercourses and the principal and subordinate positions in the sexual relations. And to understand the way how women reverse the unequal states by the wisdoms of themselves and get rid of the yoke of patriarchy.

    This thesis has two purposes. One is discussion about the process of psychological turnaround of the leading male and female in sexual intercourses presented in the four texts. The other is to do more deeply studies according to the representative works of Wang An-Yi and to find more undiscovered views which can make more different interpretations by standing on the shoulder of predecessors.
    Appears in Collections:[中國文學研究所] 博碩士論文

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