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|Title: ||展演動物業設置及管理之研究;The Study on the Registration and Management of Performing Animals Industry|
|Keywords: ||展演動物業者設置與管理辦法;展演動物業;展演動物;動物福利;管制手段;A regulation for the registration and management of performing animals industry;performing animals industry;performing animals;animal welfare;means of administration|
|Issue Date: ||2016-03-17 20:36:10 (UTC+8)|
;Hippo "Ah-he" first dropped tears after falling down the road due to sloppy transportation, and then died tragically from a heavy fall from the air due to careless hanging. "Animal Protection Act " was therefore amended, and the Council of Agriculture of the Executive Yuan was authorized to establish means for management of performing animals industry. This study uses the draft of " A Regulation for the Registration and Management of Performing Animals Industry " (hereinafter referred to as the Draft) the organization noticed on June 25, 2015 as the research focus to review the relationship between the registration scope of the performing animals industry and the managerial approachs, as well as whether the means of administration in the draft can achieve the objective of protecting the welfare of animals used for exhibition and performance.
Article 3 of the Draft defines the performing animals industry as tourist amusement enterprise, leisure farms, or public or private social education institutions. The requirements that the industry participant has a "fixed place for business" and is "legally established" are constitutionality of the laws. The requirement that the industry participant submits a "business plan" for its business license application is also in line with the welfare of animals for exhibition and performance.
There is confusion in the applicability of the Draft and the " Wildlife Conservation Act ". Besides, the valid period of the license issued by the competent authorities is not clear, nor do the competent authorities explain the standard of the license period. These may increase unnecessary management costs. On the means of administration, though the Draft requires that the industry participant employs professional personnel, livestock technologist or aquacultural technologist may not provide animals for exhibition and performance with the appropriate care that they require. Besides, with the existing veterinarian certification system, it is difficult to prevent“the sportsman and concurrently referee”.Moreover, the Draft imperatively requires industry participants to pay a security deposit for the expenses of disposing of animals left behind. Regardless of the effectiveness of the means, the rationality of the fact that the tier of the security deposit is based on the number of animals is questionable. Finally, the fact that the system is dominated by layman and the evaluation system proposed by animal protection groups becomes merely paperwork will only increase the industry participants’ burden, and eventually only window-dressing words or data will end on the table as the king′s new clothes, which can not truly protect the welfare of performing animals.
|Appears in Collections:||[法律與政府研究所] 博碩士論文|
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