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    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://ir.lib.ncu.edu.tw/handle/987654321/69421


    Title: 展演動物業設置及管理之研究;The Study on the Registration and Management of Performing Animals Industry
    Authors: 蔡依寧;Tsai,I-ning
    Contributors: 法律與政府研究所
    Keywords: 展演動物業者設置與管理辦法;展演動物業;展演動物;動物福利;管制手段;A regulation for the registration and management of performing animals industry;performing animals industry;performing animals;animal welfare;means of administration
    Date: 2016-01-04
    Issue Date: 2016-03-17 20:36:10 (UTC+8)
    Publisher: 國立中央大學
    Abstract: 河馬「阿河」先因草率運送,跌落道路流淚,繼而吊掛不慎,重重摔落慘死。《動物保護法》乃修法並授權行政院農業委員會訂立管理展演動物業辦法。本研究以其於2015年6月25日公布之《展演動物業者設置與管理辦法》草案(下簡稱草案)為研究主軸,檢討展演動物業之設置範圍及其管制手段間之關係,以及草案之管制業者手段可否達到保障展演動物福利之目的。
    草案第3條規定之展演動物業,為觀光遊樂業、休閒農場、公私立社會教育機構等業者,其對業者須有「固定營業場所」與「經合法設立」之營業自由限制仍屬合憲。要求業者申請執照時遞交之「營運計劃書」內容,亦符合展演動物之福利。
    草案與《野生動物保育法》間之適用關係混亂,主管機關核發之執照期限不明確,也未說明執照年限之標準,此恐增加不必要之管制成本。在管制手段上,草案要求業者配置專業人員,但是畜牧技師或水產養殖技師之專業恐無法妥適照護展演動物,且獸醫師之簽證制度,也難避免球員兼裁判。再者,草案強制業者繳納保證金,作為處理遺留動物之費用,姑且不論手段之實效性,保證金之級距以動物數量為基準,其合理性令人質疑。末以,動保團體所提出之評鑑制度易淪為文書作業,外行人審內行人,徒然增加業者作業負擔,最終僅有華麗文字或數據可端上檯面,如同國王新衣,無法真正保障展演動物福利。
    ;Hippo "Ah-he" first dropped tears after falling down the road due to sloppy transportation, and then died tragically from a heavy fall from the air due to careless hanging. "Animal Protection Act " was therefore amended, and the Council of Agriculture of the Executive Yuan was authorized to establish means for management of performing animals industry. This study uses the draft of " A Regulation for the Registration and Management of Performing Animals Industry " (hereinafter referred to as the Draft) the organization noticed on June 25, 2015 as the research focus to review the relationship between the registration scope of the performing animals industry and the managerial approachs, as well as whether the means of administration in the draft can achieve the objective of protecting the welfare of animals used for exhibition and performance.
    Article 3 of the Draft defines the performing animals industry as tourist amusement enterprise, leisure farms, or public or private social education institutions. The requirements that the industry participant has a "fixed place for business" and is "legally established" are constitutionality of the laws. The requirement that the industry participant submits a "business plan" for its business license application is also in line with the welfare of animals for exhibition and performance.
    There is confusion in the applicability of the Draft and the " Wildlife Conservation Act ". Besides, the valid period of the license issued by the competent authorities is not clear, nor do the competent authorities explain the standard of the license period. These may increase unnecessary management costs. On the means of administration, though the Draft requires that the industry participant employs professional personnel, livestock technologist or aquacultural technologist may not provide animals for exhibition and performance with the appropriate care that they require. Besides, with the existing veterinarian certification system, it is difficult to prevent“the sportsman and concurrently referee”.Moreover, the Draft imperatively requires industry participants to pay a security deposit for the expenses of disposing of animals left behind. Regardless of the effectiveness of the means, the rationality of the fact that the tier of the security deposit is based on the number of animals is questionable. Finally, the fact that the system is dominated by layman and the evaluation system proposed by animal protection groups becomes merely paperwork will only increase the industry participants’ burden, and eventually only window-dressing words or data will end on the table as the king′s new clothes, which can not truly protect the welfare of performing animals.
    Appears in Collections:[法律與政府研究所] 博碩士論文

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