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    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://ir.lib.ncu.edu.tw/handle/987654321/69528

    Title: 三維近紅外光擴散光學斷層影像重建之數值計算研究
    Authors: 嚴中成;Yan,Chung-chen
    Contributors: 機械工程學系
    Keywords: 三維擴散光學斷層造影;有限元素法;Tikhonov正則化;腫瘤特徵辨識;影像評估;three-dimensional diffuse optical tomography;finite element method;Tikhonov regularization;identification of tumor;quantitative evaluation of image quality
    Date: 2016-02-26
    Issue Date: 2016-03-17 20:49:41 (UTC+8)
    Publisher: 國立中央大學
    Abstract: 本論文針對應用於乳癌檢測之近紅外光擴散光學斷層造影系統,發展三維組織光學係數影像重建演算法。組織光學重建以擴散方程式為模型,並將演算法分為前向計算與反向計算兩部分。在前向計算中使用有限元素法求解擴散方程式,以獲得在特定光源及光學係數分布下量測點的穿透光資訊。在逆向計算中為了藉由量測得的光資訊來重建模型中的光學係數分布使用牛頓法來疊代,並求出使量測與理論之光訊息差異最小化的光學係數分布,並加入Tikhonov正則化加強重建之結果。藉由設計不同仿乳房光學特性之模擬案例,驗證本研究演算法對於腫瘤之光學特性對比度、幾何尺寸、及腫瘤位置等特徵之計算辨識能力,並藉由一維剖面圖、重建影像之均方誤差來進行定量,以及腫瘤及背景組織特徵之解析度來評估影像重建結果。在採用直徑80 mm之圓柱體為幾何模型,並於光源調變頻率為100 MHz的設定下執行造影案例分析,根據結果可知,可以順利重建離心距離為0 mm,且對比度為2倍、直徑15 mm之腫瘤,但在直徑20 mm效果最好,,而對於腫瘤角度、深度位置特徵具辨識能力。在光學係數方面,當腫瘤光學係數對比度大於2.5倍時則重建結果可能會高估其對比度,而吸收係數及散射係數對比度差異高於1.5倍時則容易出現串擾現象。;This study focuses on developing three-dimensional image reconstruction algorithm of near-infrared diffuse optical tomography (NIR DOT) system for detecting breast cancer. The image reconstruction algorithm of DOT is based on the diffusion equation, and involves both the forward calculation and inverse reconstruction. The forward calculation solves the diffusion equation by using the finite element method (FEM) for calculating the distribution of transmitted light under the condition of presumed light source and optical coefficient (absorption and scattering coefficients) of the model. The inverse calculation reconstructs the distribution of the optical coefficient by using Newton′s method to minimize the difference between theory and measured data. Due to ill-posed nature of the inverse problem, Tikhonov regularization is utilized to stabilize the reconstruction result. For verification of developed reconstruction algorithm, different designated simulation cases, including different optical coefficients, size, and location of tumor, were used. The reconstruction results then were assessed by a set of resolution measures that compare reconstructed image with target one, and provide the quantitatively evaluation for the reconstructed image quality. Moreover, reconstruction images were also quantitatively evaluated by using mean square error (MSE). The evaluation results shows that, under condition of using 80-mm-diamater cylinder phantom, tumor with diameter more than 15 mm, located at the off-center distance 0 mm and contrast of 2, can be reconstructed. However, if the optical contrast of tumor were more than 2.5, it would lead to over-estimation of optical properties. It also shows significant crosstalk issue between absorption and scattering coefficients if the ratio of absorption-contrast to scattering-contrast is more than 1.5.
    Appears in Collections:[機械工程研究所] 博碩士論文

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