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    题名: HDM-4於台灣地區柔性路面養護工程應用之研究;The Research of Applying HDM-4 in Flexible Pavement Engineering in Taiwan
    作者: 林沂賢;Yi-Hsien Lin
    贡献者: 土木工程研究所
    关键词: 路面管理系統;公路發展與管理工具(HDM-4);世界銀行;Highway Development and Management Tool (HDM-4);Pavement Management System;World Bank
    日期: 2002-06-14
    上传时间: 2009-09-18 17:10:29 (UTC+8)
    出版者: 國立中央大學圖書館
    摘要: 台灣地區自民國七十年代開始著手發展路面管理系統(Pavement Management System , PMS),藉由系統化有效之管理使道路相關決策與養護工作能夠有效發展與執行,此外亦引進新式檢測儀器與設備以應付龐大路網資料收集所需。近年來政府相關公共建設預算縮減,如何運用有效資源,使道路養護決策更有效益,則為路面管理活動亟需面臨之問題。 世界銀行發展之公路發展與管理工具(Highway Development and Management Tool , 簡稱HDM-4)結合了道路技術與經濟評估之功能,提供廣泛之模組應用於道路生命週期之計畫、規劃、準備與操作階段,考量道路養護改善費用、使用者成本與社會環境影響之完整生命週期費用。並可供使用者依據當地氣候環境等因素進行相關參數之調整,使其模式能適用於更廣泛之地區。最後提供使用者從事道路之決策分析(Strategy analysis)、規劃分析(Programme analysis)與專案分析(Project analysis)等三種應用。 本研究即利用世界銀行發展之HDM-4工具,收集彙整與分析台灣地區車輛特性與成本相關資料,建立台灣地區應用於HDM-4模式之車輛相關資料。此外亦根據台灣地區目前養護現況與相關道路養護作業手冊,選定台灣地區適用之養護工法與標準,以提供於養護工程之用。其後以桃園地區省縣道路網為例,配合智慧型自動檢測車之檢測資料,實際進行規劃分析與決策分析。並以國內目前路面管理系統為例,探討HDM-4與國內路面管理系統結合所面臨之問題,最後提出HDM-4於台灣地區未來應用與發展方向。 The Pavement Management System, PMS, had been started developing since year 80’ in Taiwan area. With the systematic and efficient management, the decision of the policy and road maintenances can be efficiently developed and executed. Besides, new inspection instrument and equipment have been used for collecting and analysis enormous information of the road network. Recently, the Government had reduced the budget of the public works, it is more important to excise the limited resources to increase the efficiency of the road maintenance policies. Highway Development and Management Tool -- HDM-4, that was developed by the World Bank, combines technical and economic appraisals of road projects. It can not only offer the extensive models to apply many different functions of the life-cycle of the road, such as the planning, programming, preparation, operations and fee of the road improvement, the road user cost and effect of the society environment, but also provide the functions for the parameters adjustment of the local environment, which makes the models can be easily applied to many different countries. This tool can provide three applications for Strategy analysis, Program analysis and project analysis for user. This research employed the HDM-4 to collect and analysis the properties of the vehicles and the relation of the cost in the Taiwan area to establish HMD-4 models of the relevance vehicle data in the Taiwan area. Moreover, according to the current situation and operation instruction of the road maintenance in Taiwan, choice the best work methods and standards which can be applied for Taiwan to support the maintenance engineering. After all, I selected the Tao-Yuan area road network to proceed the program analysis and strategy analysis practically. And for example have the road management in Taiwan, to evaluate the problems for the combination HDM-4 and domestic road management system and provide the future application and developing direction for the HDM-4 in Taiwan.
    显示于类别:[土木工程研究所] 博碩士論文

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