;According to Firefighting Statistics, New Taipei City, reception of effective fire rescue and dispatch increased from 153,501 to 262,067 cases during the period of 2005~2014. National Fire Agency’s statistical data also pointed that total authorized number of personnel is 18,262 persons and actual personnel 13,980 persons out of total budgeted personnel 15,507 persons in national firefighting authorities as of early 2016.Facing double dilemmas of the surge in service quantity and the shortage of manpower, National Fire Agency (NFA) has added admission quota for professional and technical exams in recent years, expecting to make up manpower in the short term. However, it usually takes one and half to two and half years for new personnel from recruitment via examination to assignment. Before making up the shortage, the planning of a daily duty scheduling system on fair, reasonable and humanized basis should be the only way to help our firefighters relieve stress from heavy duties. Currently, field firefighting unit’s duty scheduling is based on job assignment, which the shortcomings include time-consuming, uneven distribution of duty, shortage of break time and no consideration of duty weight distribution, etc.; furthermore, the unit in this study is a unit based on the division of labor with specific responsibility for firefighting duty, including the organizations of search & rescue team members and specialized medical service team members. Team members in different organizations are limited to different duty scheduling, causing more time will be spent on the scheduling.
In order to plan the best model of duty scheduling system, this study incorporated each scheduling limitation, consideration of firefighter’s break time and duty weight distributed by labor and rest degree on duty category basis, allowing each person to reach equal division of duty weight and each duty to meet required manpower limitation during the period.Field firefighting unit has not fixed its daily duty category and number of people in duty hours, which duty category on the next day was usually confirmed the night before. Consequently, for the discussion of daily duty scheduling, this study based on daily on-duty personnel and daily duty category applied math. 0-1 integer programming to schedule mathematical constraint, using LINGO 12.0 as a tool to find out the optimized fair scheduling, and comparing this research model with job assignment for planning the most suitable duty scheduling table for the unit in this study.