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|Title: ||合成和優化2-(1-乙基-3,5-二甲基-1H-吡唑-4-基)乙-1-胺衍生物和其抗三陰性乳腺癌細胞的體外活性研究;Synthesis and Optimization of 2-(1-Ethyl-3,5-dimethyl-1H-pyrazol-4-yl)ethan-1-amine Derivatives with in Vitro Activity against Triple-Negative Breast Cancer Cells|
|Keywords: ||三陰性乳腺癌;吡唑衍生物;Triple negative breast cancer;Pyrazole analogs|
|Issue Date: ||2016-10-13 12:42:56 (UTC+8)|
為了開發新的抗癌藥物，我們透過高速藥物篩選系統篩選出N-(2-(1-ethyl-3,5-dimethyl-1H-pyrazol-4-yl)ethyl)-4-isobutyl- N-methyl benzenesulfonamide (YL-18) 做為先導藥物，但嘗試幾種合成路徑無法得到預期產物，因此將結構改為N-(2-(1-ethyl-3,5-dimethyl-1H- pyrazol-4-yl)ethyl)-4-isobutylbenzamide (YL-66)，接著，以吡唑做為骨架，進行化學結構的優化，藉此提高細胞毒性。
首先進行官能基的轉換，結果發現以胺類化合物的細胞毒性較醯胺類化合物強，且較不具有介質的選擇性；接著進行一系列取代基的更換，分別有親水性、疏水性、拉電子基和推電子基這幾類取代基做比較，經過生物測試得知結構以疏水性的取代基細胞毒性最強，即為化合物YL-81，對三陰性乳癌MDA-MB-231細胞株於DMEM及L15兩種介質中，IC50 分別為 9.76 µM及0.5 µM。接著比較二級及三級胺類化合物，經由實驗結果顯示，仍然以二級胺類化合物YL-81的細胞毒性最強。
;Triple negative breast cancer (TNBC) has high mortality rate, high recurrence and high brain metastasis. Chemotherapy is the only treatment, and the worst of all it develops drug resistance. Therefore, we devote to drug discovery and synthesis for alleviating the suffering of patients.
According to the previous research, the derivatives of pyrazole scaffold have activity against cancer. Hence, we study pyrazole compound N-(2-(1-ethyl-3,5-dimethyl-1H-pyrazol-4-yl)ethyl)-4-isobutyl- N-methylbenzenesulfonamide (YL-18), which is chosen as the hit compound through high throughput screening approach in order to discover anti-cancer agent for treatment of TNBC. However, I don’t get desire compound (YL-18) through several synthetic routes, we change YL-18 to N-(2-(1-ethyl-3,5-dimethyl-1H- pyrazol-4-yl)ethyl)-4-isobutyl benzamide (YL-66).
The first generation compounds containing amine and amide bond of pyrazole derivatives was synthesized. We observed that pyrazole derivatives with amine group had better anti-cancer activity than amide group. In addition, the amine compounds don’t have the medium-dependent effect in the cytotoxic assay. The second generation compounds focused on several substituents at 4- position of benzene group. We found that there is no difference between electron withdrawing groups and electronic donating groups at benzene ring. Then, we compared hydrophobic substituents with hydrophilic substituents at C4 position of benzene ring; the results showed that compound YL-81 with hydrophobic substituents has better anti-cancer activity than others. In desire of the third generation compounds, we converted the secondary amine into tertiary amines, but they didn’t have enhancement of anti-cancer activity. In summary, compound YL-81 possesses potent anti proliferative activity against triple negative breast cancer MDA-MB-231 cells in DMEM and L15 medium with IC50 values of 9.76 and 0.5 µM, respectively.
|Appears in Collections:||[化學研究所] 博碩士論文|
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